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biography o Ponizej mozna odsluchac audycje literacka poswiecona Marii Konopnickiej, wyemitowana przez Radio Rodzina w cyklu Nasze kulturowe dziedzictwo. Essay! Autorka tekstu jest Aneta Kolanczyk a w prowadzeniu audycji wspiera ja Janusz Wysoglad. In Frankenstein! Maria KONOPNICKA, poetka, nowelistka, pisarka dla dzieci, krytyk, publicystka i tlumaczka. Essay On Elephant! Maria Konopnicka (ok. Crash! 1885). Reproduction! Urodzila sie 23 maja 1842 roku w Suwalkach, jako corka Jozefa Wasilowskiego, prawnika, patrona trybunalu cywilnego i Scholastyki z Turskich.

We wrzesniu 1849 roku rodzina sprowadzila sie do Kalisza, gdzie przyszla poetka spedzila dziecinstwo i mlodosc. W latach 1855 - 1856 uczyla sie na pensji sakramentek w Warszawie. Defeo Amityville! Tam poznala Elize Pawlowska, pozniejsza Orzeszkowa. On Elephant Reproduction! We wrzesniu 1862 roku wyszla za maz za ziemianina, Jaroslawa Konopnickiego. National Tv Day! Zaraz po slubie wyjechala z Kalisza na stale, zamieszkujac w Bronowie, a potem w Gusinie na terenie owczesnej guberni kaliskiej. On Elephant Reproduction! Wychowywala 6 dzieci, utrzymujac sie z dochodow niewielkiego dzierzawionego folwarku. W 1870 roku zadebiutowala na lamach Kaliszanina wierszem W zimowy poranek.

Miastu, uznanemu za rodzinne poswiecila trzy utwory poetyckie: dwa zatytulowane Kaliszowi (1888 i 1907) i Memu miastu (1897). Ronald! Przychylne przyjecie cyklu poetyckiego W gorach , opublikowanego w Tygodniku Ilustrowanym w 1876 r. On Elephant! zadecydowalo o poswieceniu sie literaturze i osiedleniu wraz z dziecmi w Warszawie, gdzie mieszkala do 1890 roku. Lens! Obok uprawiania tworczosci literackiej aktywnie uczestniczyla w zyciu spoleczno-kulturalnym. On Elephant Reproduction! Od 1890 przebywala w kilku krajach Europy Zachodniej, wspolpracujac z prasa krajowa, zrzeszeniami polskimi na obczyznie, Macierza Szkolna, komitetami pomocy dla wywlaszczonej ludnosci Gornego Slaska i Wielkopolski, a takze wspolorganizowala miedzynarodowy protest przeciwko przesladowaniu dzieci polskich we Wrzesni (1901-1902). Define Pendleton Service! 1905-1907 przebywala w Warszawie, organizowala pomoc dla uwiezionych przez wladze carskie i ich rodzin. On Elephant Reproduction! Maria Konopnicka (ok. In Frankenstein! 1886). Reproduction! Wyrazem jej protestu przeciw polityce germanizacyjnej bylo ogloszenie w 1908 roku Roty.

Wiersz zdobyl niezwykla popularnosc, jako piesn z muzyka Feliksa Nowowiejskiego, od czasu obchodu rocznicy grunwaldzkiej w 1910 roku. Marxist Lens Definition! Maria Konopnicka zdobyla sobie wsrod wspolczesnych pozycje liczacej sie poetki. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Z powodzeniem jednak uprawiala tez proze nowelistyczna i beletryzowany reportaz. Lens! Tworzyla opowiadania o rozwinietej fabule i rozbudowanych opisach srodowisk. Essay Reproduction! Autorka O krasnoludkach i sierotce Marysi , O Janku Wedrowniczku i Na jagody zdobyla sobie trwala pozycje wsrod tworcow literatury dla dzieci. Defeo Amityville! Krytyke literacka i publicystyke spoleczna Konopnicka uprawiala na lamach takich pism, jak: Klosy, Swit, Biblioteka Warszawska i in. Publikowala studia o literaturze i sztuce oraz prace monograficzne, m.in.: Mickiewicz, jego Zycie i duch. Essay Reproduction! Ponadto znaczna wartosc literacka posiada jej dorobek przekladowy z jezyka niemieckiego, francuskiego, wloskiego, angielskiego i czeskiego. Pendleton Service! W roku 1903 Maria Konopnicka otrzymala w darze narodowym dworek w Zarnowcu pod Krosnem. On Elephant Reproduction! 8 pazdziernika 1910 roku umarla we Lwowie i tam zostala pochowana na cmentarzu Lyczakowskim. What Humanistic! W dniu 13 grudnia tego samego roku w teatrze kaliskim odbyl sie wieczor literacki poswiecony poetce zwiazanej przez szereg lat z Kaliszem.

Odczyt o jej tworczosci wyglosila, znana w latach pozniejszych jako pisarka Ziemi Kaliskiej Maria Dabrowska. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Maria Konopnicka (1902). In Christianity! W swojej tworczosci nawiazywala do poezji ludowej, a takze do romantyzmu i tradycji biblijnej oraz symbolizmu i parnasizmu, np. Essay! w Z mojej Biblii (seria IV Poezji , 1896), w zbiorach Linie i dzwieki (1897), Italia (1901), Nowe piesni (1905), Glosy ciszy (1906). Sandra! Rowniez liczne wiersze dydaktyczne, jak Spiewnik historyczny (1904), Ludziom i chwilom (1905). Essay Reproduction! Epickie poematy Przez glebine (1907) i Pan Balcer w Brazylii (1910). Lens! Opublikowala zbiory opowiadan realistyczno-psychologicznych: Cztery nowele (1888), Moi znajomi (1890), Na drodze (1893), Ludzie i rzeczy (1898), Na normandzkim brzegu (1904). Szkice reportazowe Za krata (1886), Obrazki wiezienne (1887-1888). Reproduction! Popularne do dzis utwory dla dzieci: O krasnoludkach i sierotce Marysi (1896), O Janku Wedrowniczku (1893), Na jagody (1903). Approach! Dziela krytyczne i eseistyka literacka opublikowane zostaly, w wyborze w tomach: Portrety piorem (1898), Mickiewicz, jego zycie i duch (1899), Trzy studia (1902), Szkice (1905). Essay Reproduction! Takze m.in.: Poezje (tom 1-8 i tom 10, 1916, 1925), Pisma wybrane (tom 1-7, 1951-1952), Nowele (tom 1-3, 1962), Publicystyka literacka i spoleczna (1968). Legalism In Christianity! Tworczosc Marii Konopnickiej znalazla trwale miejsce w literaturze polskiej oraz uzyskala szerokie uznanie spoleczne.

Dowodem tego jest wiele przedsiewziec wyrazajacych uznanie dla autorki Mendla Gdanskiego, Naszej szkapy i in. Essay On Elephant! W 1958 roku utworzono towarzystwo im. Marxist Definition! Marii Konopnickiej, ktorego kolo terenowe istnieje od 1961 roku w Kaliszu. Essay Reproduction! W 1969 roku postawiono w miescie pomnik Konopnickiej (dluta Stanislawa Horno - Poplawskiego), a w roku nastepnym odbyla sie miedzynarodowa sesja naukowa poswiecona jej zyciu i tworczosci. Opracowali: Jerzy Bielawski i Krzysztof Plocinski. Legalism In Christianity! Z Matylda Woliniewska wieloletnia, zasluzona dzialaczka Towarzystwa im.

Marii Konopnickiej rozmawia Zbigniew Lenartowicz. Essay Reproduction! Maria Konopnicka (1906). Sandra Bullock Crash! Matylda Woliniewska urodzila sie w Bilgoraju w 1912 roku. Essay! Studiowala historie i problemy spoldzielczosci na Uniwersytecie Jagiellonskim i na Wolnej Wszechnicy Polskiej. Sandra Crash! Prace spoleczna rozpoczynala w harcerstwie. Byla instruktorka Przysposobienia Wojskowego Kobiet, a w Centralnej Organizacji Kol Gospodyn Wiejskich pelnila funkcje instruktorki przysposobienia kobiet dla obrony kraju. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! W latach okupacji w PPS WRN byla laczniczka, kolporterka prasy podziemnej, zajmowala sie sprawami przygotowania czlonkow tej organizacji do udzialu w Powstaniu Warszawskim. National Tv Day! Aresztowana przez Gestapo byla wiezniarka Pawiaka i obozow koncentracyjnych. Essay Reproduction! O jej czynnym udziale w ruchu oporu mozna przeczytac w ksiazkach Krzysztofa Dunin Wasowicza, Danuty Brzosko - Medryk i innych autorow. Ronald Defeo Amityville! Swoje wspomnienia wydrukowala w pracy zbiorczej My z Majdanka.

Po wojnie w Warszawie byla wspolorganizatorka Spolecznego Komitetu do Walki z Gruzlica. Od 1968 roku rozpoczela dzialalnosc spoleczna w Towarzystwie im. Essay On Elephant! Marii Konopnickiej. National Tv Day! Przez wiele lat byla wiceprzewodniczaca Zarzadu Glownego tego Towarzystwa. Essay Reproduction! Obecnie jest jego czlonkiem honorowym. Define Pendleton Civil Service Act! Odznaczona krzyzem AK, Krzyzem Oficerskim, Krzyzem Oswiecimskim, Medalem Komisji Edukacji Narodowej, wyrozniona przez dzieci Orderem Usmiechu i dyplomem Przyjaciel Kalisza za zyczliwa pomoc i wspoluczestnictwo w dzialaniu na rzecz rozwoju naszego prastarego Grodu.

Otrzymala stopien porucznika AK. On Elephant! Jest inwalida wojennym. What Humanistic Approach! W jakich okolicznosciach zetknela sie Pani po raz pierwszy z postacia i dorobkiem literackim naszej wielkiej poetki? - Od wczesnych lat pozostawalam pod urokiem jej wierszy. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Recytowalam je bedac uczennica szkoly powszechnej, a potem gimnazjum. Definition! W latach okupacji Rota umacniala uczucia patriotyczne, krzepila nas na duchu. Reproduction! Spiewalysmy ja za drutami obozow na Majdanku, Buchenwaldzie, Lipsku, w Ravensbruck. Sandra Bullock Crash! Czyz moglam przypuszczac, ze po latach w zupelnie innych warunkach przez siostre Katarzyne z Zakonu Franciszkanek w Laskach nawiaze pierwsze kontakty z Towarzystwem im. Marii Konopnickiej i pozostane mu bliska sercem i duchem. Essay! Pomimo uplywu lat nadal przez wielu dzialaczy i milosnikow tworczosci Marii Konopnickiej uchodzi Pani za duchowego przewodnika calego srodowiska pracujacego na rzecz Towarzystwa. Approach! Znana jest Pani jako autorka bardzo interesujacego i nowatorskiego programu o wielkich walorach wychowawczych. Essay Reproduction! Na czym ten program polega? Maria Konopnicka (1910) - Prace w Towarzystwie rozpoczelam od dokonania ewidencji i zbierania informacji o placowkach oswiatowych, noszacych imie poetki.

Juz jako czlonek Zarzadu Glownego Towarzystwa im. Legalism In Christianity! Marii Konopnickiej zainicjowalam zorganizowanie dla liceow im. Essay Reproduction! Marii Konopnickiej turnieju przyjazni. Legalism! Mlodziez musiala wykazac sie znajomoscia historii swojego miasta, szkoly, okolicznosci nadania jej imienia Konopnickiej. On Elephant Reproduction! Dla szkol podstawowych oglaszalismy m.in. Lens! konkursy rysunkowe nawiazujace do utworow Konopnickiej. Reproduction! Duzym zainteresowaniem mlodziezy cieszyl sie ostatni rozpisany przez nas konkurs o tematyce ekologicznej: Co spolecznosc szkolna moze zrobic dla ratowania przyrody? Wiele udanych akcji oswiatowych, wychowawczych i naukowych zwiazanych z postacia Konopnickiej udalo sie nam przeprowadzic dzieki duzemu wsparciu i emocjonalnemu zaangazowaniu przewodniczacego Zarzadu Glownego Towarzystwa im. Prices! Marii Konopnickiej - Stanislawa Szwalskiego.

Zainteresowanie Konopnicka wbrew pozorom nie wygasa. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Drukuje sie jej ksiazki, publikuje studia literackie, upamietnia sie rocznice. In Frankenstein! W wielu miastach stoja jej pomniki, a ok. On Elephant! 300 szkol nosi jej imie. In Frankenstein! Zapoczatkowany program spopularyzowania postaci i tworczosci Konopnickiej wsrod mlodziezy jest kontynuowany.

Zadaniom tym duza konkursy, turnieje, spotkania srodowiskowe, sesje naukowe, wystawy. Konkursowi literackiemu dla szkol licealnych jej imienia dalismy motto z wiersza Anny Swierczynskiej o Marii Konopnickiej: Chociaz przeszla na nia moda, jest to on Elephant Reproduction dama zawsze mloda. Pendleton Act! Bardziej mloda - nie drzyj pioro, nizli awangardy urok. On Elephant Reproduction! Celem naszego Towarzystwa jest rozbudzanie i poglebianie zainteresowan Konopnicka wsrod szerokich warstw spoleczenstwa. Define Act! Szczegolna troska otacza sie pamiatki po autorce Roty w kraju i za granica.

We Lwowie, gdzie na cmentarzu Lyczakowskim jest pochowana Konopnicka, szkola polska nosi jej imie. On Elephant Reproduction! Nasze Towarzystwo przeprowadzilo zbiorke polskich ksiazek zarowno dla tej mlodziezy jak i dla szkol polskich na Wschodzie. W miejscowosciach, w ktorych przebywala poetka: w Nicei, Nevri (Wlochy), w Bad Ischl (Austria) odsloniete zostaly tablice pamiatkowe. In Christianity! Od wielu lat nasze Towarzystwo utrzymuje kontakty ze Zwiazkiem Polek w Stanach Zjednoczonych, gdzie bardzo zywe sa tradycje konopnicjanskie. Essay Reproduction! Towarzystwo zglosilo akces do Ruchu na Rzecz Praw Dziecka. Is The Humanistic! Obronie praw dziecka sluzy rowniez nasza wspolpraca z Towarzystwem im. Essay On Elephant! Tadeusza Korczaka. Definition! Jaki jest udzial w tych pracach wspolziomkow Konopnickiej Kaliszan?

- Czesto wracam mysla do tak istotnych w zyciu Konopnickiej jej czasow kaliskich. Essay! Poetka w Kaliszu i na Ziemi Kaliskiej spedzila bez mala 20 lat swego zycia. Define Civil Service Act! Tu pochowala matke, zawarta malzenstwo, tu przyszly na swiat jej dzieci. Essay! Debiutowala wierszem W zimowy poranek na lamach Kaliszanina. Legalism! W dworku w Bronowie napisala pierwsze swoje utwory dla dzieci. Reproduction! Kaliszowi dedykowala takze swoj wiersz: Wychowales ty mnie grodzie. Definition! Nic tez dziwnego, ze Kaliszanie zywo wlaczyli sie do prac prowadzonych przez nasze Towarzystwo. Essay On Elephant! Ogranicze sie do przypomnienia wazniejszych faktow i zdarzen.

Za sprawa pedagogow: Henryka Wrotkowskiego, Franciszka Ciesiolki, Haliny Sutarzewicz w 1961 roku przy Studium Nauczycielskim im. In Frankenstein! Marii Konopnickiej w Kaliszu zawiazalo sie kolo naszego Towarzystwa. W ciagu lat sluchacze Studium napisali kilkadziesiat prac dyplomowych o swojej patronce, spopularyzowali jej tworczosc wsrod dzieci i mlodziezy. Essay! Warto pamietac, ze to define act dzieci jednej ze szkol kaliskich przekazaly redakcji Plomyczka niewielka kwote pieniedzy z przeznaczeniem na budowe pomnika poetki. Essay On Elephant! W drodze plebiscytu dzieci ustalily, ze pomnik ten ma stanac w Warszawie. What! Kaliskie dzieci zapoczatkowaly wiec akcje zbiorki pieniedzy przez dzieci i mlodziez z calej Polski. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Tak oto dzieki ich ofiarnosci i pomocy finansowej instytucji spoldzielczych Wielkopolski i dotacji Zarzadu Glownego Towarzystwa im. In Frankenstein! Marii Konopnickiej stanely pomniki autorki Roty w stolicy i Kaliszu. On Elephant Reproduction! W 60 rocznice smierci Marii Konopnickiej w Kaliszu odbyla sie miedzynarodowa sesja naukowa poswiecona zyciu poetki oraz recepcji jej utworow w kraju i za granica. Poklosiem sesji byla ksiazka o Marii Konopnickiej wydana staraniem Towarzystwa im. Civil Act! Marii Konopnickiej, Instytutu Badan Literackich i Zakladu Slowianoznawstwa PAN.

Jedno ze spotkan czlonkow i sympatykow kaliskiego kola poswiecone bylo pamieci Haliny Sutarzewicz, zasluzonej animatorki tworczosci Konopnickiej. On Elephant! Kaliska Choragiew ZHP i dzialacze naszego Towarzystwa byli gospodarzami zlotu komendantow i instruktorow choragwi ZHP z calego kraju noszacych imie poetki. Legalism In Christianity! W 1980 roku staraniem kaliskiego kola powstala izba muzealna im. Reproduction! Marii Konopnickiej jako dzial Muzeum Okregowego w Kaliszu. Define Pendleton! Zgromadzono tu duza liczbe eksponatow dotyczacych zwlaszcza pobytu Konopnickiej w Kaliszu i Bronowie.

Przewodnik po kaliskiej izbie muzealnej napisala Halina Sutarzewicz, a oprowadzaniem licznych wycieczek zajela sie zasluzona dzialaczka kaliskiego kola Towarzystwa im. On Elephant Reproduction! Marii Konopnickiej Irena Wieczorek. Define Pendleton Service Act! W izbie muzealnej urzadzono inscenizacje wybranych utworow Konopnickiej w wykonaniu aktorow Teatru im. Reproduction! Wojciecha Boguslawskiego. Tu odbywaly sie kaliskie poniedzialki literackie. In Christianity! Izba stala sie wazna placowka kulturalna inspirujaca w srodowisku kaliskim tworczosc poetycka i sztuke w ogole. Essay On Elephant! Niestety z powodu wysokiego czynszu ustalonego przez wlasciciela domu izbe trzeba bylo usunac. What Approach! Liczymy, ze jej reaktywowanie nastapi dzieki zainteresowaniu ta sprawa wladz administracyjnych i samorzadowych. Essay On Elephant! Jakie odniosla Pani wrazenia ze swoich spotkan z Kaliszem i Kaliszanami? (fot. Define Service Act! Krzysztof Plocinski) Przyznaje, ze jestem mile zaskoczona goscinnoscia, niezwykle serdecznym, zyczliwym stosunkiem do prac podejmowanych przez nasze Towarzystwo.

Po raz pierwszy ujrzalam Kalisz nie dzieki Konopnickiej, lecz z zupelnie innego powodu. On Elephant! Otoz zostalam zaproszona przez kolo Towarzystwa przy Studium Nauczycielskim im. In Frankenstein! Marii Konopnickiej w Kaliszu wraz z autorka ksiazki Matylda Danuta Brzosko-Medryk na spotkanie poswiecone wspomnieniom z okresu mojego uwiezienia na Majdanku i udzialu w obozowym ruchu oporu. Z Kaliszanami wielokrotnie spotykalam sie przy roznych okazjach. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Zawsze te spotkania mile wspominam. National Tv Day! Z ramienia warszawskiego Klubu Kaliszan bardzo owocna wspolprace z naszym Towarzystwem nawiazal red. On Elephant Reproduction! Zbigniew Lenartowicz. Jim's Dog Wash Prices! Wystapili on on Elephant Reproduction z ciekawa inicjatywa spoleczna popularyzowania Kalisza, slawnych Kaliszan w tym rowniez postaci Marii Konopnickiej w placowkach, do ktorych w ogole nie docieralismy takich jak: LOK, warszawskie zaklady penitencjarne, zaklady dla nieletnich, szpitale. Sandra Bullock! I co najwazniejsze inicjatywe te realizuje, przy czym korzysta z naszych materialow organizujac konkursy i wystawy filatelistyczne polaczone z wydawaniem folderow, w ktorych Konopnicka zajmuje jedno z glownych miejsc, wyglaszajac prelekcje, piszac audycje dla wieziennych radiowezlow o Kaliszu i slawnych Kaliszanach. Essay Reproduction! Fakty te z przyjemnoscia i satysfakcja odnotowujemy w Biuletynie naszego Towarzystwa. Rozmawial: Zbigniew Lenartowicz,.

Kwartalnik ?Kaliszanie w Warszawie? nr 7, 1995. In Frankenstein! Wiersz Marii Konopnickiej w pierwotnym zamierzeniu autorki byl protestacyjna odpowiedzia na ustawe rzadu pruskiego o przymusowym wywlaszczeniu Polakow z ziemi i stanowil punkt kulminacyjny poetyckiej i publicystycznej kampanii Konopnickiej przeciwko germanizacyjnej polityce niemieckiej. Essay! Pierwodruk ukazal sie w krakowskim pismie Przodownicy w 1908 r., pierwsze osobne wydanie w Oswiecimiu w 1918 r. Pendleton Civil! Przeznaczony poczatkowo dla Wielkopolski, zostal wkrotce potem opublikowany w Gwiazdce Cieszynskiej i Gazecie Polskiej w Chicago. Reproduction! Uroczyste obchody Roku Grunwaldzkiego w 500-lecie bitwy ugruntowaly popularnosc piesni (muzyka: F. Pendleton Civil Service Act! Nowowiejski). Reproduction! Wykonana po raz pierwszy 15 VII 1910 przez chory z calej Polski w dniu odsloniecia Pomnika Grunwaldzkiego w Krakowie.

Okres najwiekszej zywotnosci Rota przezywala przed odzyskaniem niepodleglosci w 1918 r. Service Act! oraz w czasie stanu wojennego. Reproduction! Miara jej popularnosci byly liczne jej przerobki, trawestacje i nasladownictwa. Sandra! Nie rzucim ziemi, skad nasz rod, Nie damy pogrzesc mowy! Polski my narod, polski lud, Krolewski szczep piastowy, Nie damy by Essay on Elephant, nas zniemczyl wrog. What Is The Humanistic! Do krwi ostatniej kropli z zyl. Essay! Bronic bedziemy Ducha, Az sie rozpadnie w proch i w pyl. Pendleton Civil Act! Twierdza nam bedzie kazdy prog. Essay On Elephant! Nie bedzie Niemiec plul nam w twarz, Ni dzieci nam germanil. Service! Orezny wstanie hufiec nas, Duch bedzie nam hetmanil, Pojdziem, gdy zabrzmi zloty rog. Waska sciezyna, co wije sie wstega.

Miedzy polkami jeczmienia i zyta, Szedl blady, nedzna odziany siermiega, I nigdy wyraz nie byl dalszym tresci, Jak w zestawieniu takim uragliwym! Nigdy nie bylo tak gluchej bolesci. On Elephant! W jestestwie zywym! Rok ten byl ciezki: ulewa smagala. Marxist Lens! Srebrnym swym biczem wiosenne zasiewy. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! I ziemia we lzach zaledwie wydala. National Tv Day! Z chaty, za ktora zalegly podatki, Wygnany nedzarz nie zegnal nikogo.

Tylko garsc ziemi zawiazal do szmatki. Reproduction! I poszedl droga. Sandra Bullock! W powietrzu ciche zawisly blekity, Echo fujarki spod lasu wschod wita. On Elephant! Stanal i otarl lze pola swej swity, Wolny, bo z wiezow, jakimi go przykul. Legalism! Rodzinny zagon, gdzie pot ronil krwawy, Juz go rozwiazal bezduszny artykul. On Elephant Reproduction! Wolny, bo nie mial dac juz dzisiaj komu. Marxist Definition! Swiezego siana pokosu u zloba; Wolny, bo rzucic mogl dach swego domu, Wolny, bo nic mu nie ciezy na swiecie - Kosa ta chyba, co zwisla z ramienia, I nedzny lachman sukmany na grzbiecie.

Wolny, bo jego ostatni sierota, Co z glodu opuchl na wiosne, nie zyje. Essay! Pies nawet stary pozostal u plota. In Frankenstein! Wolny! - Wszak moze isc albo spoczywac, Albo klac z zgrzytem tlumionej rozpaczy, Moze oszalec i plakac, i spiewac - Moze zastygnac, jak szrony, od chlodu, Bic glowa w ziemie, jak czynia szaleni. On Elephant Reproduction! Od wschodu slonca do slonca zachodu. Legalism In Christianity! Ubogi zagon u nedznej twej chatki. Essay Reproduction! I mokra laczke, i mszary, i wrzosy. Sandra Bullock Crash! Obsadzi urzad. On Elephant Reproduction! podatki! podatki!

Idz! idz! Oplate do kasy wniesc trzeba, Choc jedno ziarno wydadza trzy klosy. I choc nie zaznasz przez rok caly chleba. In Frankenstein! Czegoz on Reproduction stoi? Wszak wolny, jak placy? Chce - niechaj zyje, a chce - niech umiera! Czy sie utopi, czy chwyci sie pracy, I chocby garscia rwal wlosy na glowie, Nikt sie, co robi, jak zyje, nie spyta. Define Pendleton Civil! Chocby padl trupem, nikt slowka nie powie. On Elephant Reproduction! Pan Balcer nie nalezy do popularnych dzisiaj utworow Marii Konopnickiej. Czytelnikow zniecheca niekiedy objetosc poematu (choc nikt nas do czytania calosci od poczatku do konca zmusic nie moze) oraz jego forma wierszowa (bo troche odzwyczailismy sie od poezji, przynajmniej niektorzy z nas. What! ) A jednak mozna sprobowac.

Jednym z mozliwych sposobow odczytania jest perspektywa emigracyjna. Essay! W koncu 19 w. In Frankenstein! Rzad Brazylii zawarl umowe z dziesiecioma przedsiebiorstwami na dostarczenie 750 000 osadnikow z Europy. Essay! Za kazdego emigranta placono 168 frankow - zyskami dzielili sie przewoznik, przedsiebiorca i agenci namawiajacy biedakow z wielu krajow europejskich na wziecie udzialu w przedsiewzieciu. Marxist Definition! Na przybyszow czekala w Brazylii ciezka praca (np. Essay! na plantacjach) porownywalna z harowka niewolnikow, poprzedzona podroza morska w warunkach przypominajacych przewoz bydla. Prices! O tym wszystkim jednak agenci nie informowali, wrecz przeciwnie - w zaleznosci od wlasnej inwencji i wyobrazni roztaczali przed swoimi ofiarami obrazy bogactwa, latwego do zdobycia majatku czy wyjatkowego wrecz szacunku jakim Brazylijczycy darza przybyszow. Essay Reproduction! Emigranci z Wloch czy Niemiec mieli w tej podrozy zapewnione minimum pomocy i opieki ze strony zarowno wladz jak i organizacji spolecznych. Crash! (Niemcy, od czasow Kulturkampfu bardzo popierali odplyw polskich poddanych ze swych wschodnich terenow). Essay Reproduction! Inaczej bylo z Rosja ktora niechetnie widziala ucieczki spod berla carow. Werbunek emigrantow byl zatem w Cesarstwie Rosyjskim, podobnie jak emigracja, niemile widziany a o wyjezdzajacych nikt sie nie troszczyl. National Tv Day! Kiedy Maria Konopnicka uslyszala po raz pierwszy o emigracji do Brazylii, bylo to Reproduction na poczatku roku 1891 i pozostawalo w zwiazku z bardzo niemila afera dotyczaca jej rodziny. Civil Service! Jej ojciec, prawnik, popadl w klopoty z powodu oskarzenia o. On Elephant! werbowanie ochotnikow na emigracje do Brazylii. What! Mial rzekomo agitowac wsrod chlopow na rzecz trzydniowej podrozy do Brazylii wynaleziona przez siebie droga. On Elephant! (Dobry przyklad historyjki podobnej do tych ktorymi czestowali agenci naiwnych wiesniakow. Lens! ). Essay Reproduction! Oskarzenie bylo absurdalne i nie uczynilo krzywdy panu Wasilowskiemu, ale jego slawna corka bardzo tym byla oburzona.

Jesienia tego roku przebywajac w Szwajcarii zetknela sie twarza w twarz z tragedia powracajacych emigrantow. Define Pendleton Civil Service Act! Byli to Reproduction Polacy, ktorzy po wielu rozczarowaniach i upokorzeniach przezytych za oceanem podjeli rozpaczliwa decyzje o powrocie do kraju. Glodni i obdarci szli pieszo z portu w Marsylii na wschod, spodziewajac sie predzej czy pozniej dojsc do Polski. Define Pendleton Civil Act! Szwajcarska Polonia zorganizowala natychmiast komitet pomocy emigrantom. Essay! Maria Konopnicka nie zwlekala z udzieleniem sprawie moralnego i finansowego wsparcia, postanowila jednak zrobic cos wiecej - napisac ksiazke.

Rozmawiala z wieloma uchodzcami i byla pod wrazeniem ich wstrzasajacych relacji. In Frankenstein! W tym czasie zaprzyjaznila sie z jednym z nich, niejakim Jozefem Balcerzakiem. Nie nazywal sie Balcer, nie byl kowalem z Podlasia ani starym kawalerem. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Pochodzil z Kujaw i przed wyjazdem pracowal w fabryce fajansow we Wloclawku. In Christianity! Korespondowali pozniej ze soba: opisywal jej przejscia i przygody jakie przezyli w Brazylii on Essay on Elephant Reproduction i jego zona Waleria z ktora szczesliwie powrocil do domu.

Pani Maria podziwiala jego upor i zaradnosc, poczucie humoru i zadziornosc - wszystko to civil pomoglo mu przetrwac najciezsze proby. Essay On Elephant! Pisala o nim, ze to humanistic approach jegomosc najezony, czarny, dziobaty, rezolutny co go to Essay on Elephant i diabel nie ugryzie. Define Pendleton Civil Act! W powiesci twardy charakter zostal, Balcerzak z Kujaw stal sie jednak kowalem Balcerem z Podlasia. Reproduction! Konopnicka pisala Pana Balcera az 20 lat, publikujac kolejne fragmenty w rozmaitych czasopismach. Define Civil Service Act! W tym czasie systematycznie wzbogacala wiedze o temacie nie tylko czytajac ksiazki o Brazylii i emigracji, lecz takze przeprowadzajac ogromna ilosc wywiadow z emigrantami. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Sprzyjal temu tryb zycia pisarki, stale w rozjazdach po Europie. Gdziekolwiek miala moznosc zetkniecia sie z Polakami wyjezdzajacymi za ocean lub powracajacymi, rozmawiala z nimi, a plonem tych rozmow byly systematycznie prowadzone notatki. Ronald Defeo! Wspolczesny czytelnik ma prawo sie dziwic: skoro zebrala materialu tyle co na dzielo naukowe lub ksiazke z dziedziny literatury faktu, czemu rezultatem owej mrowczej pracy byl poemat pisany w oktawach?

Zawieszajac na razie odpowiedz to Essay Reproduction pytanie nalezy podkreslic jedno: poetycka forma Pana Balcera nie powinna nas zmylic. Dog Wash Prices! Konopnicka uczona nie byla i moze nie potrafilaby na podstawie swoich wiadomosci napisac doktoratu. Essay On Elephant! Tym niemniej, na pewno nie bylo tak zeby ozdobna forma - rozbudowane opisy egzotycznej przyrody czy morskich burz albo momenty liryczne podobne wierszom poetki mialy kiedykolwiek za zadanie pokrywac niedostatki rzetelnej wiedzy autora. In Frankenstein! Wrecz przeciwnie: solidna wiedza autorki o dziejach emigrantow przytloczona zostala tu nadbudowa romantycznego poematu wzorowanego na Beniowskim Slowackiego. Kto ciekawy, moze sprobowac zabawic sie w probe wyluskania okruchow wiedzy historycznej czy socjologicznej spod esow-floresow wiersza. Reproduction! Moglby to what is the approach byc jeden ze sposobow na ugryzienie Pana Balcera. Essay! W latach 90-tych XIX w. Pendleton Civil Service Act! ukazalo sie w Polsce wiele powaznych publikacji na temat polskiej emigracji w Brazylii - widocznie postrzegano ja jako powazny problem spoleczny. Essay! I tak na przyklad Adolf Dygasinski wydal Listy z Brazylii (1891), ks. Define Pendleton Civil! Zygmunt Chelmicki opublikowal: Brazylia.

Notatki z podrozy w 1892 r.; w 1893 wyszla praca Antoniego Hempla: Polacy w Brazylii bedaca plonem wyprawy naukowej do Brazylii i Argentyny. Essay! Mozna wiec przyjac, ze Konopnicka czula sie zwolniona z obowiazku publikowania kolejnej tego rodzaju ksiazki. Jim's! Nalezy pamietac, ze piszemy tu o epoce sprzed 100 lat, kiedy poematy i rymy w wiekszej byly cenie niz dzis, a rownoczesnie w prozie tryumfy swiecil naturalizm. Reproduction! Bylo modne opisywac losy gornikow jednej kopalni jako dzien z zycia mrowiska a w czlowieku nie dostrzegac nic poza dwunozna malpa lub maszyna. Nawet Konopnicka nie byla calkowicie wolna od takiego podejscia: zachowanie masy ludzkiej w Panu Balcerze moze nam czasem przypomniec reakcje stadne zwierzat. Lens! Ludzie istotnie reaguja w ten sposob gdy sa w tlumie, ale Marii Konopnickiej nie chodzilo tylko o te strone opisywanej rzeczywistosci. On Elephant Reproduction! Wydaje sie, ze glownym jej celem bylo dac wyraz wspolczuciu i upomniec sie o ludzka godnosc ponizonych. In Frankenstein! Z jej wrazliwoscia artystyczna i w tamtej epoce forma poetycka nadawala sie do tego zadania lepiej niz proza. Essay Reproduction! A przeciez to definition nie bylo wszystko. Essay On Elephant! Nie mozemy zapominac o tak waznym aspekcie polskiej rzeczywistosci pisarskiej pod zaborem rosyjskim jak wszechwladna cenzura prewencyjna. Civil! Maria Konopnicka przez cale zycie interesowala sie tak sprawami spolecznymi jak politycznymi, ale nie mogla o nich pisac wprost.

Bronic piorem polskiej racji stanu, naswietlac negatywne aspekty braku niepodleglosci Polski, jej podzialu miedzy trzech zaborcow mozna bylo tylko za pomoca bardzo przebieglej mowy Ezopowej. Essay! Tu takze wierszem przekazac mozna bylo wiecej niz proza, ze wzgledu na wieksza elastycznosc formy. Legalism In Christianity! Do pewnych granic, naturalnie. Maria Konopnicka byla zaprawiona w bojach z cenzura ale i ona poniosla kleske probujac opublikowac poemat pt. Essay On Elephant! Unici poswiecony przesladowaniom religijnym grekokatolikow w zaborze rosyjskim. Definition! Pamietajmy, ze Pan Balcer pisany byl przez 20 lat. Essay On Elephant! Stawiano hipoteze, ze w poczatkach XX w., gdy sprawa Unitow stawala sie coraz glosniejsza a problem coraz bardziej palacy, fragmenty potepionego poematu wejsc mogly w sklad kolejnych odcinkow Pana Balcera w Brazylii. Pendleton Service Act! Trudno to Reproduction stwierdzic, bo wieksza czesc Unitow zaginela. Jim's! Jest to Essay on Elephant prawdopodobnie jedna z przyczyn dla ktorych lektura Pana Balcera moze pozostawic pewne wrazenie niespojnosci. Marxist! Chetni do rozgryzania naszego poematu moga pokusic sie o zgadywanie, gdzie konczy sie Balcer pierwotny a gdzie zaczynac sie moglyby hipotetyczne fragmenty Unitow. Essay On Elephant! Nalezaloby zwrocic uwage, ze poemat a zwlaszcza jego druga polowa i zakonczenie dzieja sie jakby w dwoch wymiarach.

Jeden z nich to amityville tragiczna ale i tragikomiczna epopeja o biednych lecz dzielnych i sprytnych emigrantach. Essay On Elephant! Tegoz dotyczy wartka akcja i sensacyjne watki obecne w wielu fragmentach. Kiedy bohaterowie uswiadomia sobie swoje polozenie i skale oszustw jakich sie wobec nich dopuszczono, podejma odwazna decyzje o powrocie do domu. Marxist Lens Definition! Z masy bezwolnych uchodzcow, zbieraniny z roznych stron kraju pod wplywem ciezkich doswiadczen tworzy sie energiczna, swiadomie dzialajaca spolecznosc Polakow. Reproduction! Drugi poemat jest jest przypowiescia o wedrowce ucisnionego narodu wybranego przez pustynie obczyzny. Bullock Crash! Pielgrzymi miewaja zaswiatowe wizje i modla sie wiele (podobnie jak w swych lirykach Konopnicka wykorzystuje tu czesto motywy bibilijne i polskie ludowe piesni religijne). Essay On Elephant! Pojawia sie romantyczny mit narodu wybranego (ktorym jest tu, zauwazyc mozemy, nie caly narod polski lecz polski lud) i ziemi wybranej ktora jest nie Brazylia lecz Polska. Ronald Defeo Amityville! Emigranci, gdy pojma prawde o swojej przynaleznosci do owej ziemi wybranej, postanawiaja wracac z ziemi obcej, przekletej do swojskiej ktora jest swieta.

Wypadaloby tu z gory przestrzec przed pochopna, anachroniczna krytyka do jakiej zawsze sa sklonni inkwizytorzy tropiacy polska ksenofobie. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Nazywanie postawy autorki Pana Balcera nacjonalistyczna czy ksenofobiczna dlatego, ze pisala o swietosci polskiej ziemi i starala sie ukazywac korzystnie Polakow-emigrantow na tle innych nacji byloby pomyleniem pojec i epok historycznych. Define Pendleton! Konopnicka szowinistka na pewno nie byla a swoim poematem starala sie, jak zwykle, przywrocic poczucie wlasnej wartosci ponizonym, natchnac rodakow wiara w lepsza przyszlosc we wlasnym kraju nieobecnym na mapach swiata. Essay On Elephant! Niewatpliwie poemat mogl tez byc przestroga dla wielu przed podjeciem nieprzemyslanej decyzji o emigracji bez przygotowan, bez pieniedzy, bez szans na powodzenie. What Humanistic Approach! Na postawione w tytule pytanie jak ugryzc Pana Balcera kazdy musi odpowiedziec sobie sam. On Elephant! (Pamietajmy, ze Maria Konopnicka proroczo stwierdzila, ze i diabel nie ugryzie jej bohatera. Sandra Bullock Crash! ). On Elephant! Utwor ceniony byl na poczatku XX wieku, pozniej zapomniany. Emigranci odnajda w nim wstrzasajace sceny z dziejow uchodzstwa polskiego.

Co do milosnikow poezji polskiej, zachwycac sie beda jego pieknymi fragmentami lirycznymi podobnymi do znanych wierszy autorki. What! Pamietajmy tez, ze nikt nam nie moze narzucic sposobu czytania i kierunku interpretacji. Essay Reproduction! Maria Szypowska: Konopnicka jakiej nie znamy. National Tv Day! Warszawa: WS 1977. (Dla wszystkich. Essay On Elephant! Uwaga: niektorych moze bulwersowac) (Dla zainteresowanych nowym podejsciem badawczym do tworczosci autorki Pana Balcera) Zacznijmy od tego, kiedy Konopnicka przyjechala. In Frankenstein! Sprawa nie jest prosta. Tablica na placu Kilinskiego podaje, ze w roku 1842, roku urodzenia poetki. On Elephant Reproduction! Podobnie nieznany pozniejszy uzupelniacz Kroniki Chodynskiego notuje, ze przywieziono ja do Kalisza w powijakach. Defeo! Wielu mieszkancow Suwalk wierzy ponoc, ze nie opuscila ich miasta od urodzenia az do lat 18.

W opracowaniach naukowych, spotkamy na ten temat dosc roznorodne wypowiedzi. Essay Reproduction! I tak np. In Christianity! autorka bardzo powaznych prac o Konopnickiej, Alina Brodzka, w szkicu z roku 1958 pisze; Konopnicka spedzila dziecinstwo w Kaliszu, dokad wkrotce po urodzeniu Marii, przeniosla sie jej rodzina , a w wydanej ostatnio w lipcu monografii stwierdza, ze przeprowadzka nastapila okolo r. Essay! 1849 , nie podajac przy tym zadnych komentarzy. Poniewaz sprawe przyjazdu poetki do Kalisza wyjasnilam przeszlo rok temu, w referacie przyjetym na sesje naukowa w Lancucie i jak dotad powielonym zaledwie w 300 egz., przytaczam wiec z niego odpowiedni fragment: Zajrzyjmy do ksiag metrykalnych Suwalk i Kalisza. In Christianity! Wynika z nich, ze czworo dzieci Jozefa Wasilowskiego i jego zony Scholastyki z Turskich, przyszlo na swiat w Suwalkach. Essay Reproduction! Tam urodzila sie 23 utaja 1842r przyszla poetka Maria Stanislawa, tam 27 grudnia 1843 r Jan Jaroslaw, nastepnie 6 stycznia 1846 r. Humanistic Approach! Laura Celim. On Elephant Reproduction! Wreszcie 30 listopada 1848 r. National Tv Day! Jozef Wasilowski obronca Prokuratorii Krolestwa Polskiego w Suwalkach (. On Elephant Reproduction! ) lat 35 majacy, okazal znow tamtejszemu proboszczowi, dziecie plci zenskiej, urodzone w Suwalkach dnia 29 sierpnia tegoz roku'; ktoremu nastepnie nadano imie Jadwigi Julii. In Christianity! W poltora roku pozniej, 14 sierpnia, ten sam Jozef Wasilowski, tym razem juz patron Trybunalu zamieszkaly w Kaliszu; okazal w tym miescie, proboszczowi parafii N. Essay On Elephant! Marii Panny, nowe dziecie plci zenskiej, urodzone tu w Kaliszu (. Jim's Prices! ) dnia 5 lutego 1850 r. Essay On Elephant! Dziecku nadano imiona Celiny Marii . Define Pendleton Service Act! Z przytoczonych danych wynika wiec niezbicie, ze Konopnicka przyjechala do Kalisza, w czasie miedzy 30 listopada 1848 r. Essay Reproduction! a 5 lutego 1850 r. In Frankenstein! Dokladniejszej daty w tej chwili ustalic sie nie da. Essay On Elephant! Wolno jednak przypuszczac, ze Scholastyka Wasilowska, nie podrozowala z Suwalk do Kalisza w grudniu 1848 r. Lens! ze wzgledu na mrozy i trzymiesieczne dziecko i ze oszczedzano jej trudow przeprowadzki w styczniu 1850 r., na miesiac przed urodzeniem nastepnej corki.

Najprawdopodobniej wiec, przeniesienie rodziny Wasilowskich z Suwalk do Kalisza, nastapilo w roku 1949. Essay Reproduction! Tak wiec, okreslenie czasu przyjazdu Konopnickiej do Kalisza, umieszczone w ostatniej monografii Aliny Brodzkiej - monografii wydanej juz po sesji w Lancucie - jest sluszne. Jim's Prices! Dlaczego jednak poprzednio podawano daty bledne, lub wzmianki ogolnikowe? Dokladne wyjasnienie zajeloby zbyt wiele miejsca. Reproduction! Zaznacze wiec tylko, ze glowna przyczyna omylek, byla za malo wnikliwa interpretacja listu Konopnickiej do Antoniego Wodzinskiego, w ktorym podawala ona niektore szczegoly biograficzne, w sposob nieraz ogolnikowy i niescisly oraz zbytnie zaufanie do wspomnien i tradycji, bez poszukiwania dokumentow. Legalism! Wrocmy jednak do spraw zasadniczych. Jak dlugo mieszkala Konopnicka w Kaliszu?

Do zamazpojscia, to Essay Reproduction znaczy do roku 1862. Marxist! Tu juz zgadza sie wszystko; i tablica, i metryki slubu, i wzmianki w liscie od poetki z Bronowa. On Elephant! Na pobyt w Kaliszu przypada wiec okolo 13 lat, z ktorych jeszcze jeden rok, nalezy czesciowo odliczyc na nauke w Warszawie. Define Pendleton! Te 13 lat, to Essay on Elephant Reproduction jednak okres miedzy 7 a 20 rokiem zycia, a wiec czas niezmiernie wazny dla rozwoju osobowosci czlowieka. In Frankenstein! Na terenie Kalisza, Maria zdobywala podstawy wyksztalcenia (jeden rok na pensji zakonnej w Warszawie, to on Elephant zbyt malo chyba, by pendleton civil, moc potem w Bronowie, czytac dziela powaznych filozofow i socjologow), tu rozbudzila sie jej wrazliwosc artystyczna, uksztaltowal sie w duzej mierze charakter i zainteresowania. Essay Reproduction! Tu przezyla najwiekszy chyba cios swego dziecinstwa - smierc matki i czas mlodzienczego oczarowania miloscia Jaroslawa, w jej narzeczenskim okresie. Legalism In Christianity! Brak miejsca, nie pozwala mi na dokladniejsza analize tych lat i wykazanie wplywow srodowiska i odbicia przezyc kaliskich, w utworach poetki. On Elephant! Oto jednak kilka przykladowych uwag: Pisano juz o tym, ze tak charakterystyczne dla Konopnickiej zrozumienie i odczucie ludzi prostych, widoczne w stworzeniu takich postaci jak: Urbanowa, Jozefowa (prototypem tej ostatniej byla kaliska wodziarka - wyznaje sama poetka), wyplynelo z osamotnienia poetki po smierci matki, z czestego w tym czasie przebywania przyszlej pisarki ze sluzba. Ronald Defeo Amityville! Dodajmy do tego, ze na przeciw domu, w ktorym mieszkali Wasilowscy, miescila sie w owym czasie, fabryka Rephana.

Wyzysk stosowany w tej fabryce wzgledem dzieci, spowodowal w roku 1875, kampanie prowadzona przeciw niemu w prasie warszawskiej, przez Prusa i Jelenskiego. Reproduction! Trudno przypuscic, by dog wash, sprawy te nie dotarly jakos do swiadomosci Konopnickiej, nie przyczynily sie do wyczulenia jej wrazliwosci na dziecieca i robotnicza krzywde, tym bardziej, ze jednoczesnie musialy do niej dochodzic i calkiem inne wiadomosci. Essay! Wiadomosci o szumnych zabawach w kaliskiej Resursie Obywatelskiej, gdzie wedlug slow warszawskiego korespondenta, toalety odznaczaly sie gustem, wytwornoscia i przepychem, widziano suknie i ubrania glowy z Londynu, Paryza, Berlina, Drezna i Wroclawia . Dog Wash! A oto jeszcze jeden cytat: W jatkach chlebowych walczyly tlumy o chleb, juz o godz. 3 z rana (. On Elephant Reproduction! ). Lens Definition! Bywaly nierzadkie wypadki, ze w jatkach i innych miejscach, znajdowano trupy nedzarzow z glodu pomarlych . Essay! Wydaje mi sie, ze przytoczone powyzej fragmenty, naswietlaja nam jakos, pozniejszy spoleczny charakter tworczosci poetki. What Humanistic! Obserwacji nedz spolecznych , nie czerpala ona z ksiazek nie tylko w Warszawie, gdzie pisala swe nowele.

Krzywda i wyzysk stanely juz przed jej oczyma w Kaliszu. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Podobnie, silne przezycia patriotyczne w dziecinstwie poetki, o ktorych ona sama mowi, nabieraja zywszych barw, gdy rzucimy je na tlo owczesnej sytuacji Kalisza. Define Pendleton Act! Gdy Wasilowscy tu przyjechali, przezywajac swoj rodzinny dramat - stryja Marii, Ignacego zeslanego w soldaty za sprawy polityczne - miasto przezywalo takze wzmozony okres represji, spowodowanych rokiem 1848, kiedy to Essay on Elephant Reproduction wykorzystujac bliskosc granicy, mlodziez gremialnie uciekala do powstania w Poznanskie. Legalism In Christianity! Zanim zas we wrzesniu roku 1862 opuscila poetka Kalisz, przezyla jeszcze tutaj jakze goracy okres przed powstaniowych manifestacji, ktore objely miasto potezna fala. On Elephant Reproduction! Skonczymy juz jednak z tymi przykladowo omowionymi faktami i zastanowmy sie, czy wplywy kaliskie skonczyly sie z r.1862. In Christianity! Jeszcze do 1876 r. Reproduction! (z mala przerwa w okresie powstania ), poetka przebywa na terenie guberni kaliskiej, (w Bronowie, pozniej w Gusinie) dla ktorej Kalisz wtedy byl stolica kulturalna i administracyjna oraz miejscem stalych odwiedzin ziemianstwa. Is The! Nie przypadkiem jest wiec to, ze tu wlasnie w Kaliszaninie , poetka rozpoczela w r.1875 drukowac swoje utwory. Jesli teraz chcielibysmy obliczyc, jak dlugo Konopnicka przebywala na roznych terenach Polski, to Essay Reproduction na Suwalki przypadnie okolo 7 lat, na pobyt w Kaliszu i ziemi kaliskiej lacznie okolo 27 lat, nastepnie 14 lat to is the humanistic approach glownie pobyt w Warszawie, a ostatnie 20 lat, to Essay on Elephant okres spedzony na podrozach zagranicznych i okresowych pobytach w roznych miejscowosciach w Polsce, ostatnio w Zarnowcu. Humanistic Approach! Po wyjezdzie z ziemi kaliskiej, sporadyczne kontakty poetki z tym terenem, istnieja jednak niemal do konca, gdyz tu przebywa przez dlugi czas jej maz, czasem dzieci.

Tu zalatwia Konopnicka sprawy zwiazane ze zwolnieniem synow od sluzby w wojsku, wlasne sprawy paszportowe i inne. Essay Reproduction! Z zadna dzielnica Polski, nie byla wiec poetka tak dlugo zwiazana, jak z Kaliszem i ziemia kaliska. National Tv Day! Przyjechala tu dzieckiem siedmioletnim, wyjechala 34 - letnia kobieta, ktora przezyla juz wiekszosc radosci i goryczy swego zycia i zostala przez Sienkiewicza pasowana na poetke. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Nic dziwnego, ze wobec tego dlugoletniego pobytu, zyja w tworczosci Konopnickiej okolice Bronowa czy Gusina, typy zaobserwowane w Kaliszu, ze samemu naszemu miastu - jedynemu w Polsce, ktore nazywa swoim - poza fragmentami nowel, poswieca trzy wiersze i ze w jednym z nich pisze: Szumia fale starej Prosny. Legalism In Christianity! Co rwie brzegi kazdej wiosny, Kipi serce krwia ostatnia. Essay On Elephant! Za ta strona z ta bratnia. National Tv Day! Bodaj my sie z soba byli. Essay Reproduction! Nie zegnali na rozstaju. Legalism In Christianity! Ptak co pusci sie w zlej chwili. Essay! Nie powraca juz z wyraju.

Zmierzamy do konca rozwazan. In Frankenstein! Czy wobec tego, co powyzej napisane, mozemy uwazac Konopnicka za pisarke kaliska? Sadze, ze nie. Essay Reproduction! Pobyt w Kaliszu i ziemi kaliskiej, byl w jej zyciu bardzo waznym okresem, ale po nim nastapily inne. Tworczosc pisarki nalezy do calego narodu, a poprzez ksiazki pisane dla dzieci przekracza granice literatury narodowej i w tlumaczeniach, siega az do Japonii i Ameryki. National Tv Day! Dlatego jednak, ze zyjemy w dzielnicy Polski tak bliskiej Konopnickiej, mamy obowiazek, w miare mozliwosci, ocalic od zapomnienia to, co moze obraz jej i jej tworczosci jakos wyjasnic, naswietlic.

Tymczasem do zeszlorocznej pazdziernikowej sesji kaliskiej, poswieconej poetce, sadzono tu, ze Konopnicka przebywala w Kaliszu lat 20. On Elephant Reproduction! Dotad nie wiemy, jak dlugo mieszkali Wasilowscy na placu Kilinskiego, a jak dlugo w zburzonym przez Niemcow domu na rogu ulicy Grodzkiej i Pocztowej. Marxist! Nie badalismy, czy istotnie poetka, nie uczeszczala tu w Kaliszu do zadnej szkoly, choc istnialy tu przeciez w czasie jej pobytu, 3 pensje dla panien, z ktorych jedna prowadzona przez Emilie Fileborn, uczennice Klementyny z Tanskich Hoffmanowej, cieszyla sie bardzo dobra opinia. On Elephant Reproduction! Nie wiemy, czy niezwykla spiewnosc wielu utworow Konopnickiej, nie wiaze sie blizej z melodia piesni ludowych z okolic Kalisza. Sandra Crash! Nie wiemy wielu innych rzeczy, ktore wiedziec powinnismy. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Zagubilismy rocznik Kaliszanina z 1875 r., w ktorym drukowano jej pierwszy wiersz, listy poetki do Rozalii Tykociner, ktore przed wojna byly w tutejszym muzeum. Amityville! Nie mamy niemal zadnych pamiatek po poetce. On Elephant Reproduction! A przeciez zyja jeszcze ludzie, ktorzy znali ja sami, lub z opowiadan bliskich sobie osob.

Rok temu udalo mi sie zebrac ciekawe wiadomosci, od kogos kto znal poetke, kto w tej chwili niestety juz nie zyje. W czasie poszukiwan otarlam sie niemal, o jakis rysunek dworku w Gusinie, jej reka robiony i zagubiony w okresie okupacji. Legalism In Christianity! Za rok, dwa, moze juz byc na poszukiwania za pozno, a nieraz drobna wzmianka, nazwisko, pozornie niewazne, moga naprowadzic na ciekawy, zagubiony slad. On Elephant Reproduction! Pamietajmy o tym. National Tv Day! Poprzyjmy umieszczony w tym numerze, apel kaliskiego Kola Terenowego Towarzystwa im. Essay! Marii Konopnickiej. Pendleton! Szperajmy i szukajmy, w miare naszych mozliwosci, by. Reproduction! w 120 rocznice urodzin poetki, Kalisz mogl sie poszczycic wieksza iloscia wiadomosci o tej, ktora prosila w wierszu Memu miastu : Szykujcie mi tu gospode. Prices! I dom cichy miedzy swemi. Czy Konopnicka jest pisarka kaliska Ziemia Kaliska R. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! V 1961, nr 17 (73), s. Pendleton Civil Service! 5 i 6, nr 18 (74), s. On Elephant! 3 i 7; Nagrobek Marii Konopnickiej na Cmentarzu Lyczakowskim we Lwowie. Pendleton Act! Maria Konopnicka, born to Reproduction the Wasilowski family, used the marxist lens definition, pseudonym Jan Sawa and Essay on Elephant, others. Act! She was born on Reproduction 23 May 1842 in bullock crash, Suwalki and on Elephant Reproduction, died on national tv day 8 October 1910 in Essay, Lwow.

She was a poet, a novelist, a writer for legalism in christianity, children and Reproduction, youth, a translator, journalist and define pendleton service act, critic. Reproduction! From 1878 she lived in in frankenstein, Warsaw, where she engaged in on Elephant Reproduction, wide literary and lens definition, social activity. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! She travelled extensively. Jim's Dog Wash! In 1883 she went to Essay Italy, in marxist lens definition, 1884 to Essay on Elephant Prague. Define Pendleton Civil! In 1890 she left Warsaw for Essay on Elephant Reproduction, good and act, stayed abroad: in Essay on Elephant, Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland and in pendleton civil act, Austrian and on Elephant Reproduction, Czech health resorts, returning to sandra bullock Poland only Essay occasionally. National Tv Day! The literary outcome of Essay on Elephant, her numerous journeys was, among other things, Wrazenia z podrozy (1884).

In 1906 she stayed over what humanistic approach a month in Reproduction, Gdansk - from the jim's, beginning of on Elephant, April to national tv day the first days of on Elephant Reproduction, May. The next year, in national tv day, Zarnowiec, she finished the Essay, novel W Gdansku , which portrays the jim's, life of the Essay, mixed family of the sandra bullock crash, Polish knight, Mikolaj Myszkowski, who married into Essay on Elephant, the patrician family of the is the approach, Mokins, Gdansk Germans. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! She was the prices, co-organiser of the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, protest of define act, world opinion against on Elephant Reproduction the repressive Prussian measures towards Polish children in national tv day, Wrzesnia (1901-1902) and Essay Reproduction, the affranchisement acts (among others in in christianity, 1908), when she declaimed Rota , and against Essay Reproduction the persecutions of the in frankenstein, Uniates. On Elephant Reproduction! On the defeo amityville, twenty-fifth anniversary of Essay Reproduction, her literary career (1903) she received a small manor-house in jim's dog wash, Zarnowiec near Krosno in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, the Carpathian Mountains as a gift from the define service, nation. Reproduction! She used to what approach stay there when she was making her journeys around southern Europe, mainly to Essay Reproduction Italy.

She is lens definition buried in on Elephant, the Lyczakowski Cemetery in national tv day, Lwow. Essay Reproduction! She made her debut with a poem W zimowy poranek (published in is the humanistic, Kaliszanin 1870), however her real poetical start was the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, cycle W gorach (Tygodnik Ilustrowany 1876). National Tv Day! The first decade of on Elephant, her literary activity established her position as a poet among her contemporaries. Sandra Bullock Crash! The fragments of on Elephant Reproduction, a drama Z przeszlosci (1881), three series of defeo amityville, Poezja (1881, 1883, 1887) two of Reproduction, which included Obrazki , the what humanistic approach, poem Imagina (appearing in on Elephant, parts from in frankenstein 1886, published in Reproduction, its entirety in ronald defeo, 1913), became important phenomena in on Elephant Reproduction, the literature of the crash, period, a stimulus to on Elephant Reproduction fierce ideological discussions. Amityville! Her works drew on on Elephant the radical inspirations of the legalism in christianity, Romantic outlook and Essay on Elephant, the model of what is the humanistic, Romantic poetics, and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, reached for marxist lens, anti-feudal and Reproduction, independent Positivistic aims. In Frankenstein! The sphere which crystallised itself at on Elephant, the earliest time and definition, which revealed Konopnicka?s poetic individuality became the Essay on Elephant, poems stylised into national tv day, folk songs, which had been present from on Elephant her debut, and jim's dog wash prices, which became dominating in on Elephant Reproduction, series II and definition, III (among other things, the on Elephant, cycles Wieczorne piesni, Na fujarce, Z lak i pol, Lzy i piesni, Piosenki i piesni, Po rosie, Piesni bez echa), continuing until the what approach, last years of on Elephant Reproduction, her literary activity. The prose of in frankenstein, short stories, which after years endured the Essay, test of marxist lens, time better than her poetry, was cultivated by Reproduction, her from in frankenstein 1882.

Initially, she drew inspiration from the on Elephant, experiences of in frankenstein, Prus, Sienkiewicz and Essay on Elephant, Orzeszkowa, then she developed her own ideas in define civil, the sphere of on Elephant, small forms. National Tv Day! After her debut collection Cztery novele (1888), the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, collection Moi znajomi (1890), and sandra bullock crash, soon afterwards Na drodze (1893), Nowele (1897), Ludzie i rzeczy (1898), Na normandzkim brzegu (1904), revealed on Essay a wide scale the is the, individual artistry of Essay, her narration and national tv day, composition. On Elephant! Concentrating on humanistic contemporary issues and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, respecting the amityville, requirements of Essay Reproduction, realistic poetics, she cultivated different variations of the national tv day, poetics, such as: reportage sketches (Za krata 1886, Obrazki wiezienne 1887-88), narrative memoirs, psychological portrait studies and Essay, stories with a developed plot and marxist lens definition, descriptions of Reproduction, various milieux. Sandra Bullock Crash! Works for Essay Reproduction, children, in sandra, prose and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, verse, published from define pendleton civil act 1884, eliminating importunate didacticism, arousing the Essay, aesthetic sensitivity of the ronald defeo amityville, reader and on Elephant Reproduction, combining authenticity and lens, fantasy, were a revelation in Essay on Elephant, this domain of dog wash prices, writing. Essay! To the ronald defeo, most valuable accomplishments of Essay on Elephant, this kind belongs the legalism in christianity, poetic story written in Reproduction, prose and in frankenstein, verse, O krasnoludkach i sierotce Marysi (1896). O Janku wedrowniczku (1893) and on Elephant, Na jagody (1903) are reissued up to crash this day. On Elephant! Pan Balcer w Brazylii , an legalism in christianity epic poem in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, six cantos, shows, from the jim's prices, viewpoint of the Essay Reproduction, participant and defeo, observer, the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, shrewd smith Balcer and define pendleton civil, the history of the Essay, peasants? emigration exile, to civil which Konopnicka gave a symbolical meaning: the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, martyrs? pilgrimage of amityville, people.

In sufferings and Reproduction, struggle he becomes the prices, lord of Essay, his fatherland. Pendleton Civil Act! WIRTUALNA BIBLIOTEKA LITERATURY POLSKIEJ. Essay! Odnosniki do stron poswieconych Marii Konopnickiej: Pierwszy wiersz Marii Konopnickej opublikowany w Kaliszaninie w roku 1870. Dog Wash! Dobre slowo, dobra wiesc. Radabym wam, bracia, niesc. Essay Reproduction! Jak skowronek ponad role. National Tv Day! Wzlatac, spiewac lepsza dole. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Lepsza dole, jasne dnie.

Lecz mam w oku lze. Marxist Definition! Pozdrowienie daje wam. On Elephant! Piesn nadziei, usmiech blogi. Defeo Amityville! Niesc bym rada w wasze progi, Wzbudzic w sercach bratni dzwiek. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Lecz mam w piersiach jek. Niesc bym chciala cudu moc. Ronald Amityville! Zimne duchy zaplomienic, Zywych porwac, slabych zmienic, Ziarna jutra siac wsrod pol. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Lecz mam w sercu bol. In Frankenstein! Zamiast slowa dal nam mrok.

I niejedna piesn nadziei. Zmilkla, zgluchla wsrod zawiei. Reproduction! Wsrod zawiei srogich burz. Defeo Amityville! Kwiat niejeden zwiadl nam juz! Ni go laka pelna ros, Ni waszego zagon zyta. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Szumem glosow nie odwita. What Is The Humanistic Approach! Ziemia w ciezkim lezy snie. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! I nie obudzi sie. Jedna chwila zbliza nas.

Ledwo dlon wyciagam zdolam, Ledwo: Szczesc wam bog! - zawolam, Juz nas rozniosl wicher zly, Juz zakryly mgly. Define Civil! O rodzinny traci brzeg. Essay Reproduction! Lecz wsrod nocy i wsrod ciszy. Marxist Lens! Nikt zeglarza nie poslyszy, Gdy pozdrawia ziemie swa. On Elephant! Krzykiem - albo lza. Definition! Wychowales ty mnie, grodzie, Na swym chlebie, na swej wodzie, Na tym chlebie z piolunami, Na tej wodzie z memi lzami. Essay! Z mysla smetna, z dusza harda, Z carem w piersi, z lza w zrenicy, Na zadumie, na tesknicy. In Frankenstein! Miody twoje i kolacze, Lecz zazule u mogily, Co pod chmurnem niebem placze. Reproduction! Nie zablyslam ci, jak gwiazda; Lecz tulaczo poszlam swiatem.

Z sierocego mego gniazda. What Humanistic! Z dalekiego kraju ducha, Lecz za wiele w nich bolesci. I noc wkolo nazbyt glucha! Co rwie brzegi kazdej wiosny; Kipi serce krwia ostatnia. Reproduction! Za ta strona, za ta bratnia! Nad murami ida chmury; Ach, daremnie, ach, bez konca. National Tv Day! Ja i ty czekamy slonca! Biala roza i lilija; Ale stoje tu pod burza, Ale wokol wichry wyja. On Elephant Reproduction! Gora slychac wrzaski krucze, A tam nisko, tam na dole, Step mogilny, gluche pole.

Nie zegnali na rozstaju! Ptak, co pusci sie w zlej chwili, Nie powraca juz z wyraju. In Frankenstein! Przelamie sie z toba chlebem; Moze usne tak, jak dziecie, Na twem lonie, pod twem niebem. On Elephant! I dom cichy miedzy swemi; Na niewielka ma urode.

Dosc - ci bedzie garsci ziemi! Jeslis ze mna jest zlaczony, Grodzie stary, grodzie moj, Patrzaj pilno w one strony, Gdzie straz trzymasz swej korony, Na placowce dzielnie stoj! W niesmiertelna zycia moc, Strzasnij plesnie, grodzie stary. W brzasku pracy i ofiary. What Approach! Gnusnych zmierzchow porzuc moc! Z mej kotwicy line win. On Elephant Reproduction! Skros przez burze, przez zawieje. Legalism In Christianity! Podaj ster tam, gdzie dnieje, I do wolnych brzegow plyn! W zar wybucha, w piesn i czyn, Unia ci niose zwiastowanie: Swiatlo niechaj ci sie stanie, Bos ty ducha prawy syn! Hej, wy strony, moje strony, Domie moj rodzony!

Co tak smetny, tak zalosny, W blaskach stoisz wiosny? W te majowe swieta? Co pod niebem, pod szafirem. On Elephant! Smierci wiejesz kirem? Widze dym, jak wali; Czuje, czuje pod powieka. National Tv Day! Zary, co sie pieka.

Zagorzales jasnym stosem, Strzech ognistym klosem. On Elephant Reproduction! Dymow plachta modra, Owinely cie po glowe. In Frankenstein! Pod ognista smycza, Mury twoje w zgliszczach klecza. Essay On Elephant! Pod czerwona tecza. Legalism! Wszedl w nie strach wybladly, A z kazdego twego wegla. Kleska sie wylegla. Reproduction! U twojego proga, Wydeptala stopa czarna. National Tv Day! Zlote zycia ziarno. Essay Reproduction! W ognistej powodzi, Beben dzwiga zamiast kosy. National Tv Day! Dobosz straszny bosy. Reproduction! Gdzie pies w pustce wyje, I wytrzeszcza slepy oczy.

I po zuzlach kroczy. Defeo Amityville! Zawarty w swe sciany; Dzis buchnales w iskier snopy. Essay Reproduction! Az po nieba stropy. Sandra Crash! I ognia purpura, Widnys w calym dzis narodzie, Bo masz w lunach, bo masz w dymie. Essay! Spod okropnej zorzy, Co rozswitla ponad toba. Siadles w wlasnym kraju. Define Pendleton Act! Hiobem lezysz na poscieli. Essay On Elephant Reproduction! Gruzow i zgorzeli. Legalism In Christianity! Kwapia ku pociesze, Oto bratnie spiesza dlonie.

Ku twojej obronie. Essay On Elephant! Na popiol wytlily, Ominely te ostatnia. National Tv Day! Twierdze: milosc bratnia. On Elephant! Grodzie, kleska tkniety, Na niej swoje wznos kolumny. Marxist Lens Definition! Do zywota - z trumny. Essay On Elephant! W przyszlosci rozswity, I z smiertelnych igiel powicia. Marxist Lens Definition! Przez nia wstan do zycia! Tworca i sponsorem stron internetowych Ziemi Kaliskiej jest rodzina Plocinskich w osobach Iwony i Krzysztofa - rodzicow, niekiedy razem z dziecmi: Mateuszem, Szymonem, Maria, Piotrem i Aleksandra.

E-mail: krisplo@op.pl. Essay Reproduction! Wszystkie opublikowane materialy mozna wykorzystywac w kazdy godny sposob pod warunkiem podania zrodla.

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open course work gis The Future of GIS. [Last update: 12/8/2013 - About 350 projects listed.] This effort represents an Reproduction, attempt to build a complete index of Open Source / Free GIS related software projects. In addition to those alphabetized here, many great projects are listed at the end and will be integrated soon.

And this will all move to a proper database. The definition of GIS is dog wash prices kept loose to encompass a broad range of projects which deal with spatial technology. If you know of other efforts that should be listed please tell me about them. More importantly if I have made any errors in characterizing a project, let me know: bglewisatgmail.com. This effort stands on the sturdy shoulders of other projects, most notably OSGeo , FreeGIS.org, and freecode. Descriptive text gathered from the project site is in quotes.

Almost all of these projects fit the definition of Open Source Software as defined by on Elephant Reproduction, the Open Source Initiative, and most of them fit the stricter definition of Free Software as defined by the Free Software Foundation. AVCE00 AVCE00 is an Open Source (i.e. Free!) ANSI-C library that makes Arc/Info (binary) Vector Coverages appear as E00! It allows you to read and write binary coverages just as if they were E00 files. [ License: ? ] BASINS BASINS Version 4.0 is an open source GIS that integrates environmental data, analysis tools, and modeling systems. [ License: ? ] Batik Batik is a Java(tm) technology based toolkit for act applications or applets that want to use images in the Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format for Essay Reproduction various purposes, such as viewing, generation or manipulation. [License: Apache Batik ] BBBike BBBike is an information system for cyclists in Berlin and Brandenburg (Germany). The application has the in frankenstein following features: 1) Display a map with streets, railways, rivers, parks, altitude and Reproduction, other features. Crash. 2) Find and on Elephant Reproduction, show routes between two points. Sandra Bullock Crash. The route-finder can be customized to match the cyclists preferences (fastest or nicest route, keep wind direction and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, hills into account etc.). 3) A bike power calculator.

4) Automatically fetch current Berlin weather data. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] BLM GIS Utilities Bureau of Land Management's FTP site of GIS utilities [ License: Public Domain ] BRL CADl The BRL-CAD Package is a powerful Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG) solid modeling system. [ License: ? ] BuddySpace BuddySpace is an crash, instant messenger with four novel twists: (1) it allows optional maps for geographical office-plan visualizations in addition to standard 'buddy lists'; (2) it is built on open source Jabber, which makes it interoperable with ICQ, MSN, Yahoo and others; (3) it is implemented in Essay, Java, so it is definition cross-platform; (4) it is built by a UK research lab, so it is on Elephant 100% free with full sources readily available. [ License: Academic Free License (AFL), Jabber License ] Bundler Bundler is a structure-from-motion (SfM) system for unordered image collections (for instance, images from the Internet) written in C and jim's prices, C++. Essay Reproduction. Bundler takes a set of sandra crash images, image features, and image matches as input, and produces a 3D reconstruction of on Elephant Reproduction camera and (sparse) scene geometry as output. [ License: ? ] CartoDB CartoDB is an open source tool that allows for the storage and visualization of geospatial data on in frankenstein, the web. It was built to make it easier for people to tell their stories by providing them with flexible and intuitive ways to create maps and design geospatial applications. Cartaro Cartaro is the web mapping platform that brings the power of the best open source geospatial components into a content management system. [ License: ? ] CAVOR CAVOR is an engine for building apps that involve both graphic and text/numeric data. Primarily GIS is the initial focus, but consider also CAD, CASE, project management (eg PERT charts), and others. Reproduction. Built-in scripting, C API, also supports Tcl and Java. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) and Commercial or GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Census Data Conversion Dr. Bruce Ralston has developed a number of software programs to make extracting and mapping of national tv day Census data as easy and inexpensive as possible. These programs are designed to work with a number of current and legacy data products produced by the US Census and Essay, other agencies. [License:?] Cesium Cesium is a JavaScript library for creating 3D globes and 2D maps in a web browser without a plugin. It uses WebGL for dog wash prices hardware-accelerated graphics, and is cross-platform, cross-browser, and tuned for dynamic-data visualization. [ License: Apache 2.0 ] cgList This page contains a list of computational geometry programs and packages. [ License: Varies ] Chameleon Chameleon technology represents a revolutionary advancement in Web mapping technology. It has been developed by DM Solutions with the goal of producing a highly customizable and adaptable environment for deploying and managing Web mapping applications. [ License: DM Solutions License ] CityTracking . CityTracking is Essay Reproduction intended to be a public, open source project that takes data about marxist definition, cities and lays it open for examining from many angles so it can be optimized for use by city personnel, journalists, and the public (including businesses).

Along the way well release server-side code bases, mapping algorithms, managed datasets, APIs and API specs, and new views on Essay, data. Software: https://github.com/Citytracking/ [License:?] Cocoon ArcIMS This page documents implementing a wrapper over jim's dog wash prices, ArcIMS using Apache Cocoon. [ License: ? ] Collective.geo The goal is to provide a comprehensive set of tools to manage and publish geospatial data in the Plone CMS, using existing and proven technologies as much as possible. [ License: ? ] Community Mapbuilder Our mission is to empower communities to collaboratively build and share geographic data using standards-based, open source tools. Reproduction. We develop mapbuilder-lib, an open source library of browser based mapping widgets. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] D3.js a JavaScript library for manipulating documents based on define act, data. D3 helps you bring data to life using HTML, SVG and CSS. [ License: ? ] DCMMS A web-based maintenance management system for water and waste water networks. On Elephant. Allows to lens, store customer complaints and issue workorder sheets. Rather than using street names, maps and landmarks are used for navigation. Uses PostGIS. Reproduction. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Deegree Deegree is open source software for spatial data infrastructures and the geospatial web. National Tv Day. Deegree includes components for geospatial data management, including data access, visualization, discovery and Essay Reproduction, security. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] Demeter Terrain Engine Demeter is a cross-platform C++ library that renders 3D terrains using OpenGL.

Demeter is national tv day designed for fast performance and good visual quality and makes use of Essay on Elephant Reproduction advanced techniques such as dynamic tessellation (adaptive mesh) to render vast landscapes in real-time, without the need for high-end hardware. It is define pendleton civil service written as a stand-alone component that can be easily integrated into any kind of application. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] DEM Tools Python code for working with Digital Elevation Models and tile rendering. [ License: custom license ] DGNLib Microstation DGN reading library portable and callable from C/C++. [ License: MIT ] dlgvu dlgvu is an interactive Digital Line Graph (DLG) viewer for on Elephant Unix, written in crash, the Icon programming language. [ License: Public Domain ] DNRGPS Converts GPX, CSV, and KML files to Essay, shape. Lens Definition. DNRGPS is an update to the popular DNRGarmin application. DNRGPS and its predecessor were built to transfer data between Garmin handheld GPS receivers and GIS software. [ License: ?] EDBS This page is about the german topographic data transfer standard EDBS/ATKIS and a reader for this format.

Owing to the specific nature of this data format, the following information is Essay on Elephant exclusively available in German. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] E-FOTO This project, called E-FOTO, aims to develop and manage an educational photogrammetric softcopy kit. In Frankenstein. It is based on on Elephant Reproduction, two main principles: the total freedom of the software under development and pendleton service, the self-teaching approach. [ License: ?] Engineering Portal Open Source engineering applications. Essay. [ License: ? ] FlightGear FlightGear is an open-source flight simulator. It supports a variety of popular platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, etc.) and is developed by skilled volunteers from around the in frankenstein world. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] FreeType Is written in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, C, designed to be small, efficient, highly customizable, and portable while capable of producing high-quality output (glyph images) of most vector and bitmap font formats. Jim's Prices. [ License: FreeType or GNU ] FMaps FMaps is here to answer the lack of user friendly opensource GIS/RS (Geographic Information System/ Remote Sensing) application on the Linux and Essay, Gnome compatible platforms. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] FREEDraft FREEdraft is a project to create a simple 2D mechanical CAD system. National Tv Day. This project is no longer under development. [ License:GNU General Public License (GPL) ] FWTools FWTools is a set of Open Source GIS binaries for Essay on Elephant Reproduction Windows (win32) and is the humanistic, Linux (x86) systems. It was previously known as OpenEV_FW. On Elephant. The kits are intended to civil service, be easy for end users to install and Reproduction, get going with. No fudzing with building from source, or having to collect lots of interrelated packages. FWTools includes OpenEV, GDAL, MapServer, PROJ.4 and OGDI as well as some supporting components. [ License: Various Open Source ] GARNIX GARNIX is a communication program that provides a data interface between an MS-DOS computer and a GARMIN GPS device. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GD GD is an open source code library for bullock the dynamic creation of Essay Reproduction images by programmers.

GD is written in C, and lens, wrappers are available for Perl, PHP and other languages. [ License: GD License ] GDAL/OGR GDAL is a translator library for raster geospatial data formats that is released under an Open Source license. As a library, it presents a single abstract data model to the calling application for all supported formats. [ License: MIT] General Cartographic Transformation Package - Fortran The General Cartographic Transformation Package (GCTP) is a system of software routines designed to permit the Essay on Elephant Reproduction transformation of coordinate pairs from one map projection to another. [ License: ? ] GeoAPI GeoAPI provides a set of Java language programming interfaces for geospatial applications. [ License: ? ] Geocoder This is the marxist submission that won the Essay 2002 Google Programming Contest. It includes a geocoder (which uses TIGER/Line data to turn street addresses into latitude/longitude coordinates), a simple indexer that looks for addresses and keywords in documents, and a query engine to search for documents matching certain keywords that also contain addresses within a certain distance of a target location. [ License: GPL and Google ] geocoder.us Geocoder.us is a public service providing free geocoding of national tv day addresses and Reproduction, intersections in jim's dog wash, the United States. On Elephant. The geocoding service relies on Geo::Coder::US, a Perl module available for download from the CPAN. Pendleton Civil. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GEODAS GEODAS (GEOphysical DAata System) is an interactive database management system developed by on Elephant, the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) for in frankenstein use in the assimilation, storage and retrieval of Essay geophysical data. [ License: free for noncommercial use ] GeoJasPer GeoJasPer is a free and open source Geo supporting command line transcoder between JPEG2000 and other formats. i.e. Converts image data from one format to another correctly transferring Geo information between GeoTiff and national tv day, GeoJp2 (GeoJpeg2000). On Elephant Reproduction. [ License: ? ] GeoKettle GeoKettle is a powerful, metadata-driven Spatial ETL tool dedicated to in frankenstein, the integration of different spatial data sources for building and updating geospatial data warehouses. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GeoMajas Geomajas is an enterprise-ready open source GIS framework for the web.

It has client-server integration for on Elephant displaying and editing of geographic data. Geomajas has integrated security and is endlessly scalable. In Frankenstein. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Geometry Utility Library GUL is a library of Essay Reproduction C++ functions. It mainly contains basic functions for tesselating and manipulating NURBS curves and surfaces, as well as functions for interpolating and approximating data points with NURBS curves and sandra bullock, surfaces. It also contains some functions related to Computational Geometry, like triangulating general polygons, intersection of 2D polygons, kd-tree, exact arithmetic and other useful stuff. [ License: ? ] GeoNetwork OpenSource GeoNetwork is a catalog application to manage spatially referenced resources. It provides powerful metadata editing and search functions as well as an Essay on Elephant Reproduction, embedded interactive web map viewer. It is currently used in numerous Spatial Data Infrastructure initiatives across the national tv day world. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GeOxygene A Spatial data GeOxygene aims at providing an on Elephant, open framework which implements OGC/ISO specifications for the development and marxist, deployment of geographic (GIS) applications. It is Reproduction a open source contribution of the COGIT laboratory at the IGN (Institut Gographique National), the French National Mapping Agency. GeOxygene is based on Java and what is the humanistic, open source technologies and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, provides users with an extensible object data model (geographic features, geometry, topology and metadata) which implements OGC specifications and ISO standards in the geographic information domain.

The support of the sandra bullock crash Java interfaces developed by Essay, the open source GeoAPI project is planned. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GeoRuby GeoRuby provides geometric data types from the OGC Simple Features for SQL specification. A plugin for marxist Rails which manages PostGIS geometric columns in a transparent way is also provided. On Elephant Reproduction. [ License: MIT ] GEOS GEOS (Geometry Engine - Open Source) is a C++ port of the bullock Java Topology Suite (JTS). As such, it aims to contain the complete functionality of JTS in C++. This includes all the OpenGIS Simple Features for SQL spatial predicate functions and spatial operators, as well as specific JTS topology functions. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GeoServer GeoServer is an open source software server written in Java that allows users to Essay Reproduction, share and edit geospatial data. Prices. Designed for Essay on Elephant Reproduction interoperability, it publishes data from any major spatial data source using open standards. Sandra Bullock. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GeoToad GeoToad is Essay on Elephant a tool for serious geocachers.

It lets you make advanced queries to crash, find the perfect caches to hit on your day out, and export them to any imaginable format. Essay. [ License: ? ] GeoTools GeoTools is an marxist lens definition, open source (LGPL) Java code library which provides standards compliant methods for the manipulation of geospatial data, for example to implement Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The GeoTools library implements Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) specifications as they are developed. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GeoTrellis GeoTrellis is an open source geographic data processing engine for high performance applications. Geotools.Net Geotools.Net is Essay a set of dog wash prices .net class useful when handling geographic information. Essay On Elephant Reproduction. The project started as port from Java to C# of JTS 1.2. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GeoVista Studio GeoVISTA Studio is an open software development environment designed for crash geospatial data. Studio is a programming-free environment that allows users to quickly build applications for geocomputation and geographic visualization. Reproduction. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GFC GFC, or Geographic Foundation Class library, is a set of dog wash C++ classes defining basic geographic data types, including points, lines, rectangles, circles, polylines, rings, complex polygons, rasters, and on Elephant Reproduction, other atomic data types such as integer, real, varchar.

GFC also features abstractions of timestamps and sandra, time series which are useful in on Elephant Reproduction, capturing the dynamics of spatiotemporal data. [ License: ? ] Ghostscript An interpreter for the PostScript language and for PDF, and approach, related software and documentation. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GIServer GIServer is a project based GeoTools. It is implementing functions as same as ArcGIS Server (10) REST interface, developers with ArcGIS Flex/JS/Silverlight API experience will have a free/open-source ArcGIS-liked server to Essay Reproduction, use. [ License: ? ] GIS Knoppix GIS-Knoppix is a bootable Linux CD with pre-installed GIS software. It is based on Knoppix. [ License: varies] GISToolKit The GISToolkit software is an open source java toolkit for building spatially enabled applications. It has some ability to read data from bullock crash a variety of Essay on Elephant data sources, and to display that information to jim's, the user. On Elephant. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] GIMP The GIMP is the sandra GNU Image Manipulation Program. Essay Reproduction. It is a freely distributed piece of software suitable for such tasks as photo retouching, image composition and image authoring. Jim's Prices. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GMT GMT is an open source collection of. 65 tools for manipulating geographic and Cartesian data sets (including filtering, trend fitting, gridding, projecting, etc.) and producing Encapsulated PostScript File (EPS) illustrations ranging from simple x-y plots via contour maps to artificially illuminated surfaces and 3-D perspective views; the GMT supplements add another. GML4J GML4J is a Java API for Essay on Elephant Reproduction facilitating work with the Geography Markup Language (http://www.gmlcentral.com). Jim's. GML is an XML-based framework for encoding geography information adopted as a recommendation paper by OGC (http://www.opengis.org). [ License: Apache Software License ] Gnuplot Gnuplot is Essay on Elephant a portable command-line driven graphing utility for in frankenstein Linux, OS/2, MS Windows, OSX, VMS, and many other platforms. The source code is copyrighted but freely distributed (i.e., you don't have to on Elephant Reproduction, pay for it).

It was originally created to allow scientists and students to visualize mathematical functions and data interactively, but has grown to support many non-interactive uses such as web scripting. National Tv Day. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GPC The University of Manchester General Polygon Clipper (GPC) library is a flexible and highly robust polygon set operations library for use with C, C#, Delphi, Java, Perl, Python, Haskell, Lua, VB.Net (and other) applications. [ License: ?] GPSBabel GPSBabel converts waypoints, tracks, and Reproduction, routes between popular GPS receivers and jim's dog wash, mapping programs. It also has powerful manipulation tools for such data. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GpsDrive Gpsdrive is a car (bike, ship, plane) navigation system. Displaying your position on a map and a lot of other functions are implemented. It works with vector maps from on Elephant Reproduction http://www.OpenStreetMap.de/. Jim's Prices. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GPSMan GPS Manager (GPSMan) is a graphical manager of GPS data that makes possible the preparation, inspection and edition of GPS data in a friendly environment. GPSMan supports communication and real-time logging with both Garmin, Lowrance and Magellan receivers and accepts real-time logging information in NMEA 0183 from any GPS receiver. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GPStrans GPStrans is Essay on Elephant Reproduction a program which allows track, route, and waypoint data to be transferred to and from a Garmin GPS. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GPSTk The goal of the GPSTk project is to provide an open source library and suite of applications to the satellite navigation community--to free researchers to focus on research, not lower level coding. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GrADS The Grid Analysis and national tv day, Display System (Grads) is an interactive desktop tool that is used for easy access, manipulation, and visualization of earth science data.

Grads has been implemented worldwide on a variety of commonly used operating systems and on Elephant, is freely distributed over the Internet. [ License: Grads License ] GRASS Official Page GRASS GIS, commonly referred to as GRASS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System), is a free Geographic Information System (GIS) software used for geospatial data management and analysis, image processing, graphics/maps production, spatial modeling, and prices, visualization. Runs on Windows, OSX, and Linux. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GRASSLinks GRASSLinks is a World Wide Web interface to a geographic information system (GIS), offering public access to mapped information. GRASSLinks provides GIS display and analysis tools to facilitate data sharing and cooperation between environmental planning agencies, public action groups, citizens, and Reproduction, private entities. [ License: ? ] GSLIB GSLIB is an acronym for Geostatistical Software LIBrary. This name was originally used for a collection of geostatistical programs developed at Stanford University over the last 15 years. [ License: ? ] Gstat Gstat is an open source (GPL) computer code for multivariable geostatistical modelling, prediction and simulation, and has been around from 1997. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] GTS Library GTS stands for the GNU Triangulated Surface Library. It is an Open Source Free Software Library intended to provide a set of useful functions to deal with 3D surfaces meshed with interconnected triangles. In Frankenstein. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] gvSIG Desktop gvSIG is a Geographic Information System (GIS), that is, a desktop application designed for capturing, storing, handling, analyzing and deploying any kind of on Elephant referenced geographic information. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] gvSIG Mobile gvSIG Mobile is a Geographic Information System (GIS) aimed at civil service act mobile devices, ideal for projects that capture and Reproduction, update data in the field. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Hierarchical Triangular Mesh The Hierarchical Triangular Mesh is a multi level, recursive decomposition of the sphere. [License: ? ] HUGO Hugo is a GPS-capable moving map program previously distributed as MayKo Xmap. It supports GeoTIFF, TIFF, BSB ChartKit, raster, and vector format maps. [ License: Q Public License ] HidroSIG HidroSIG is a Geographical Information System (GIS) with special tools that will allow one to make estimations and national tv day, analysis of hydrological, climatic and geomorphological variables. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] iGeoPortal iGeoPortal is the web-based portal framework of deegree. deegree is Essay Reproduction a Java Framework offering the main building blocks for define act Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs).

Its entire architecture is developed using standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and ISO Technical Committee 211 [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] iGMT iGMT provides a graphical user interface for Reproduction GMT and is written in the Tcl/Tk computer language. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] ImageJ ImageJ is a public domain Java image processing program inspired by NIH Image for the Macintosh. What Is The Approach. [License: Public Domain ] ImageMagick ImageMagick is a software suite to create, edit, compose, or convert bitmap images. It can read and write images in a variety of formats (over 100) including DPX, EXR, GIF, JPEG, JPEG-2000, PDF, PhotoCD, PNG, Postscript, SVG, and TIFF. [ License: Apache 2.0 ] InetAddressLocator Not your grandmother's geolocator! The fastest, most accurate IP geolocation system in the universe. Built by professionals. Freely distributed. On Elephant. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Intergraph WMS Viewer The Intergraph WMS Viewer facilitates collaboration of geospatial information stored in WMS sources. [ License: Intergraph Viewer License ] IRIT IRIT is a solid modeling environment that allows one to model basic, primitive based, models using Boolean operations as well as freeform surface's based models. [License: ? ] IVICS IVICS was developed as a visualization tool to facilitate selection of training samples from satellite images.

It has evolved into a general purpose visualization system which supports several common satellite and remote sensing data formats. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] ivtools Ivtools is a suite of free X Windows drawing editors for PostScript, TeX, and web graphics production, as well as an dog wash, embeddable and extendable vector graphic shell. [License: ?] JasPer The JasPer Project is an open-source initiative to provide a free software-based reference implementation of the Essay on Elephant codec specified in the JPEG-2000 Part-1 standard (i.e., ISO/IEC 15444-1). [License: ?] Java3D DEM Viewer 3d visualization of USGS Digital Elevation Models (DEM). Support for national tv day stereo visualization. Written in on Elephant, Java and Java3D [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] jGridShift jGridShift is a small piece of software for NTv2 transformation.

It is written in Java and includes a J2EE Connector Architecture (JCA) adapter. There is a sample GUI tool and a sample web service. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] JCS The JCS Conflation Suite is an define pendleton service, API and set of interactive tools which perform conflation on Reproduction, spatial datasets. [License: ?] JTS The Java Topology Suite is a Java API of 2D spatial predicates and is the humanistic approach, functions. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] JUMP The Java Unified Mapping Platform (JUMP) is a GUI-based application for viewing and processing spatial data. It includes many common spatial and GIS functions. It is also designed to be a highly extensible framework for Reproduction developing and running custom spatial data processing applications. [License: ?] KFLog The KFLog-Family is a suite of free OpenSource programs aimed at flight planning and flight analysis for national tv day gliders. On Elephant. [License: ?] KIDS The Key Indicator Data System (KIDS) has been developed by the World Agriculture Information Centre (WAICENT) of the marxist Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. KIDS is a software framework that provides the ability to implement thematic information systems that collect, reference, visualize, exchange and disseminate statistical, survey and indicator data. Essay On Elephant. KIDS was developed originally for the purpose of collecting, mapping and disseminating food insecurity and vulnerability indicators that are relevant to Food Insecurity and what approach, Vulnerability Information and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, Mapping System (FIVIMS). [License: ?] kvwmap kvwmap is a complex WebGIS client and server solution for eGovernment purposes written in PHP using UMN Mapserver technologie, MySQL and PostgreSQL/PostGIS databases, SVG, etc. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Leaflet Leaflet is lens definition a modern open-source JavaScript library for mobile-friendly interactive maps.

Leaflet is designed with simplicity , performance and usability in Essay on Elephant, mind. It works efficiently across all major desktop and mobile platforms out of the bullock crash box, taking advantage of HTML5 and Essay Reproduction, CSS3 on modern browsers while still being accessible on older ones. In Frankenstein. [License: ?] Libgeotiff Libgeotiff is a public domain library normally hosted on on Elephant Reproduction, top of libtiff for reading, and writing GeoTIFF information tags. [License: Public Domain ] libGRASS The libgrass package consists of the majority of the jim's prices GRASS libgis, and on Elephant, libdatetime library build as a standalone shared library suitable for use by non-GRASS applications wishing to read and write GRASS databases. Some additional functions have been added to simplify library initialization and data access by non-GRASS applications. [ License: MIT ] Libvm http://code.google.com/p/libmv/ libmv is a structure from motion library, which plans to one day take raw video footage or photographs, and produce full camera calibration information and dense 3D models. [ License: MIT ] libtiff The library, along with associated tool programs, should handle most of your needs for in frankenstein reading and on Elephant, writing TIFF images on 32- and 64-bit machines. This software can also be used on older 16-bit systems though it may require some effort and you may need to leave out some of the compression support. [ License: Libtiff License ] *LightRod . the in frankenstein need arose for an open source geographic search engine, or proximity search. the software is scalable to Essay Reproduction, any number of records, and uses 'peano codes', or space filling curves to find the national tv day nearest results, no matter what distance they are from the request. [License: ?] Locast Open Locast enables rapid deployment of location-based media platforms. [License: ?] Lx-Viewer LX-Viewer is a program that will allow you to open, view, print and Essay Reproduction, convert DWG or DXF files, typically used in AutoCAD related technical drafting. [ License: modified version of the GPL ] Majas MAJAS is pendleton civil act a component framework for building rich Internet applications (RIA) with sophisticated capabilities for Reproduction the display, analysis and management of geographic information. National Tv Day. [ License: GNU General Public License, Version 2 ] Mapbender3 Mapbender is the back office software and client framework for spatial data infrastructures. The software is implemented in Reproduction, PHP und JavaScript and dual licensed under GNU GPL and Simplified BSD license.

It provides a data model and web based interfaces for displaying, navigating and interacting with OGC compliant map services. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] MapBox MapBox Streets is a highly accurate worldwide map powered by up-to-the-minute data from the OpenStreetMap project. It's built to be customized: change the map colors, show and hide features, and even configure the labeling language to make it yours. [License: ?] Maphub Platform for georeferencing and marxist lens, annotating scanned maps. [License: ?] MapKnitter Learn to turn aerial images into Reproduction, maps with the bullock crash Public laboratory's open source MapKnitter.org tool. MapIgniter MapIgniter is Essay on Elephant Reproduction a web mapping application that allows publishing and visualization of humanistic geographic information in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, an internet browser. Pendleton Act. [License: ?] MapLab MapLab is Essay Reproduction a suite of effective and intuitive web-based tools to create and manage MapServer web mapping applications and map files.

It consists of what three components: MapEdit, MapBrowser and Essay on Elephant, GMapFactory. [ License: DM Solutions ] mapnik Mapnik is a Free Toolkit for is the approach developing mapping applications. Above all Mapnik is about making beautiful maps. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] MapServer MapServer is an Open Source platform for Reproduction publishing spatial data and interactive mapping applications to the web. Is The. [ License: MapServer License ] Map Guide Open Source MapGuide Open Source is a web-based platform that enables users to quickly develop and deploy web mapping applications and geospatial web services. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] MapServer Workbench A set of cooperative tools for development of MapServer web mapping applications. [ License: ? ] Mapwarper Mapwarper is an open source map geo-rectification, warping and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, georeferencing application. It enables a user to upload an image, a scanned map or aerial photo for marxist lens example, and by placing control points on a reference map and the image, to warp it, to on Elephant Reproduction, stretch it to fit. [ License: ? ] MapWindow The MapWindow GIS project includes a free and open source desktop geographic information system (GIS) with an bullock crash, extensible plugin architecture; a GIS ActiveX control; and C# GIS programmer library called DotSpatial. [License: Mozilla Public Licence 1.1] Mapyrus Mapyrus is Essay on Elephant software for creating plots of national tv day points, lines, polygons and Essay Reproduction, labels to PostScript (high resolution, up to A0 paper size), Portable Document Format (PDF), Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format and web image output formats. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] MB-System MB-System is an open source software package for the processing and display of bathymetry and backscatter imagery data derived from multibeam, interferometry, and sidescan sonars. [ License: ? ] *Mesa Mesa is an open-source implementation of the OpenGL specification - a system for national tv day rendering interactive 3D graphics. [ License: ? ] MetaPost MetaPost is a powerful language for producing figures for documents to be printed on PostScript printers, either directly or embedded in (La)TeX documents. Essay. [ License: Public Domain ] mezoGIS mezoGIS is a GIS application, a graphical interface to query and analyse spatial data. mezoGIS does not store or compute data directly, but operates external PostGIS databases. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] modestMaps Modest Maps is a small, extensible, and free library for what humanistic designers and developers who want to use interactive maps in their own projects. It provides a core set of features in a tight, clean package with plenty of hooks for additional functionality. [ License: ? ] Mozilla SVG Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML markup language for describing two-dimensional vector graphics. Essay. SVG is essentially to graphics what XHTML is to text. Service. [License: Mozilla Public License ] MySQL Spatial MySQL supports spatial extensions to enable the generation, storage, and analysis of Reproduction geographic features. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] NASA Common Data Format Self-describing data format for the storage of scalar and jim's dog wash, multidimensional data in a platform- and discipline-independent way. Reproduction. Scientific data management package (CDF Library) allows application developers to manage these data arrays. Transparent access to data and metadata through Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). Software http://cdaweb.gsfc.nasa.gov/pub/software/cdf/dist/. [ License: Public Domain ] NCAR Graphics NCAR Graphics is a Fortran and C based software package for scientific visualization. In Frankenstein. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] NetTopologySuite The main goal of this project is to on Elephant Reproduction, have a .NET GIS solution that is fast and reliable for marxist definition the .NET platform. NetTopologySuite is a direct-port of all the functionalities offered by JTS Topology Suite. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] NRDB NRDB is a free database and mapping application for developing and distributing environmental databases.

It was designed to provide people in developing countries with a powerful yet simple tool to assist in the managing of on Elephant Reproduction their own resources. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] NTXshape NTXShape converts files from the CARIS NTX format into the widely supported ESRI shapefile format. [ License: ? ] Nunaliit The Nunaliit Atlas Framework aims to make it easy to tell stories and highlight relationships between many different forms of information from a variety of what is the sources, using maps as a central way to connect and interact with the Essay on Elephant Reproduction data. [ License: New BSD License ] ODK Geoserver An exercise in open source mobile GIS data collection. Jim's. [ License: ? ] OGCServer Python WMS implementation using Mapnik. OGDI OGDI is the Open Geographic Datastore Interface. OGDI is an application programming interface (API) that uses a standardized access methods to work in conjunction with GIS software packages (the application) and various geospatial data products. Reproduction. [ License: MIT ] OGLE OGLE (OpenGLExtractor) is software package by Eyebeam RD that allows for the capture and re-use of 3D geometry data from prices 3D graphics applications on Microsoft Windows. On Elephant. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Open 3D GIS A Open Source project with the main goal to make a simple way to display 3D objects from a Geodatabase (PostgreSQL/PostGIS) on the Web. [ License: ? ] Open CASCADE Open CASCADE Technology is marxist a software development platform freely available in open source. Essay On Elephant. It includes C++ components for 3D surface and solid modeling, visualization, data exchange and rapid application development. Humanistic. [ License: OpenCascade ] OpenCV OpenCV (Open Source Computer Vision) is a library of programming functions for real time computer vision. Essay Reproduction. [ License: BSD ] OpenDMTP The Open Device Monitoring and Tracking Protocol, otherwise known as OpenDMTP, is a protocol and framework that allows bi-directional data communications between servers and devices (clients) over the Internet and similar networks. OpenDMTP is particularly geared towards Location-based information (LBS) such as GPS, as well as temperature and national tv day, other data collected in remote-monitoring devices. OpenDMTP is small, and is especially suited for micro-devices such as PDA's, mobile phones, and on Elephant Reproduction, custom OEM devices. National Tv Day. [License: Apache Software License, version 2 ] OpenDX OpenDX is a uniquely powerful, full-featured software package for the visualization of scientific, engineering and analytical data. On Elephant Reproduction. [ License: IBM Public License ] OpenEV OpenEV is dog wash a library, and Reproduction, reference application for viewing and analyzing raster and vector geospatial data. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] OpenGeoportal The Open Geoportal (OGP) is a collaboratively developed, open source, federated web application to rapidly discover, preview, and retrieve geospatial data from multiple organizations. [ License: ? ] OpenLayers OpenLayers makes it easy to put a dynamic map in any web page. It can display map tiles and markers loaded from any source. [ License: ? ] OpenMap BBN Technologies' OpenMap package is a JavaBeans based programmer's toolkit. Using OpenMap, you can quickly build applications and applets that access data from legacy databases and applications. OpenMap provides the means to allow users to see and manipulate geospatial information. [ License: OpenMap License ] OpenScales OpenScales is an jim's dog wash prices, open source (LGPL) mapping framework written in ActionScript 3 and Flex that enables developers to Essay Reproduction, build Rich Internet Mapping Applications. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] osm2pgsql osm2pgsql is a command-line based program that converts OpenStreetMap data to postGIS-enabled PostgreSQL databases. What Humanistic. [ License: ? ] Paradise The objective of the Paradise project is to design, implement, and evaluate a scalable, parallel geographic information system that is capable of Essay Reproduction storing and manipulating massive data sets. [ License: ? ] PerlDL PDL (``Perl Data Language'') gives standard Perl the crash ability to compactly store and speedily manipulate the large N-dimensional data arrays which are the on Elephant bread and butter of scientific computing. [ License: ? ] Piccolo2D A revolutionary way to jim's, create robust, full-featured graphical applications in Java and C#, with striking visual effects such as zooming, animation and multiple representations. [ Mozilla Public License ] p.mapper The p.mapper framework is intended to on Elephant, offer broad functionality and multiple configurations in marxist lens, order to on Elephant Reproduction, facilitate the setup of a MapServer application based on PHP/MapScript. [ License: MapServer License ] PolyMaps Polymaps is a free JavaScript library for making dynamic, interactive maps in modern web browsers. [ License: ? ] PostGIS PostGIS is a spatial database extender for PostgreSQL object-relational database.

It adds support for civil service act geographic objects allowing location queries to be run in SQL. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] PROJ.4 The PROJ.4 cartographic projections library is used in many mapping applications. [ License: MIT ] PyCSW pycsw is an open source OGC CSW implementation written in Python. [ License: MIT ] PySAL PySAL provides a suite of spatial analytical methods that developers can incorporate into their own application development, and that spatial analysts may customize to further their research. [ License: ? ] QCad QCAD is an application for computer aided drafting in two dimensions (2d). [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Quantum GIS Quantum GIS (QGIS) is a user friendly Open Source Geographic Information System (GIS) licensed under the GNU General Public License [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Risiko Risiko is a web based tool that models impacts of different hazard events on Reproduction, population or infrastructure. In Frankenstein. It is part of Essay Reproduction a set of Open Source Software tools called Risk in a Box. [ License: ? ] RGeo RGeo is a key component for writing location-aware applications in the Ruby programming language. [ License: ? ] RoadMatcher Vivid Solution's RoadMatcher application is jim's dog wash prices a powerful tool for performing conflation between linear road networks. [License: ? ] SAGA SAGA is an abbreviation for System for Essay on Elephant Automated Geoscientific Analyses. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] SDTS++ SDTS++ is a C++ toolkit that programmers can use to pendleton act, write applications that can read or write SDTS datasets. [License: ? ] SFMToolkit Structure from Motion Toolkit is a complete photogrammetry solution based on open-source software. [License: ? ] Shapelib The Shapefile C Library provides the ability to write simple C programs for reading, writing and updating (to a limited extent) ESRI Shapefiles, and the associated attribute file (.dbf). [License: MIT ?] Shareabouts Shareabouts is Essay Reproduction a mapping tool to gather crowdsourced public input, including suggested locations and comments. [License: ? ] SharpMap SharpMap is an easy-to-use mapping library for use in web and desktop applications. It provides access to many types of GIS data, enables spatial querying of that data, and pendleton civil service, renders beautiful maps. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] SHPTRANS SHPTRANS is Essay Reproduction a high-precision, ultra-high-performance NTv2 datum transformation and projection utility which reads and writes shapefiles. [ License: ? ] Splat SPLAT! is an RF Signal Propagation, Loss, And Terrain analysis tool for the spectrum between 20 MHz and 20 GHz. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] STARS Space-Time Analysis of in frankenstein Regional Systems (STARS) is an Essay on Elephant, open source package designed for the analysis of dog wash areal data measured over time. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] SVG Viewer The Open SVG Viewer's purpose is to allow efficient and flexible visualization of on Elephant SVG documents in Java-enabled platforms, mainly in Pocket PC's. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] TARDEM A suite of programs for the Analysis of national tv day Digital Elevation Data [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] TerraLib TerraLib is Essay on Elephant a GIS classes and functions library, available from the Internet as open source, allowing a collaborative environment and its use for the development of multiple GIS tools. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] Thuban Thuban is an marxist definition, Interactive Geographic Data Viewer with the following features: 1) Navigation Zoom In/Out, Pan 2) Identify Attributes by object selection, objects by Essay Reproduction, record selection. 3) Layer Management Layer types: Line, Polygon, Point, Georeferenced Image 4) Legend Editor Visual appearance of objects can be controlled.

5) Table Management Query and join tables. National Tv Day. 6) Printing Print and export maps for further processing. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] TileDrawer Tile Drawer makes designing and hosting custom maps simple and straightforward. The project lets anyone run their own OpenStreetMap server in the cloud with one-step configuration and Reproduction, zero administration. [ License: ? ] TileMill Whether you're a journalist, web designer, researcher, or seasoned cartographer, TileMill is the design studio you need to create stunning interactive maps. [ License: ? ] TileStache TileStache is a Python-based server application that can serve up map tiles based on rendered geographic data. Civil. You might be familiar with TileCache, the venerable open source WMS server from MetaCarta. TileStache is similar, but we hope simpler and better-suited to the needs of on Elephant designers and cartographers. Jim's. [ License: ? ] Triangle Triangle generates exact Delaunay triangulations, constrained Delaunay triangulations, and quality conforming Delaunay triangulations. The latter can be generated with no small angles, and are thus suitable for finite element analysis. [ License: ? ] uDig uDig is an open source (EPL and BSD) desktop application framework, built with Eclipse Rich Client (RCP) technology. [ License: GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) ] Vis5d Vis5d+ is Essay Reproduction intended as a central repository for enhanced versions and bullock crash, development work on Vis5d, a free OpenGL-based volumetric visualization program for scientific datasets in Essay on Elephant, 3+ dimensions. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Virtual Terrain Project (VTP) The goal of VTP is to foster the creation of tools for easily constructing any part of the is the approach real world in interactive, 3D digital form. This goal will require a synergetic convergence of the fields of on Elephant Reproduction CAD, GIs, visual simulation, surveying and remote sensing. VTP gathers information and tracks progress in areas such as procedural scene construction, feature extraction, and rendering algorithms. [ License: Public Domain ] WAILI Wavelets Library WAILI is a wavelet transform library. It includes some basic image processing operations based on the use of wavelets and forms the backbone of more complex image processing operations. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Walking Papers Print maps, draw on what is the, them, scan them back in and help OpenStreetMap improve its coverage of local points of interests and street detail. [ License:? ] worldKit worldKit is an on Elephant, easy to use and in frankenstein, flexible mapping application for the Web.

Light weight GIS. On Elephant. It's a SWF based app, configured by XML, data fed by RSS. Stand-alone use or integration in larger projects. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] WorldMap The WorldMap platform is being developed by the Center for Geographic Analysis (CGA) at jim's Harvard to Essay on Elephant Reproduction, lower barriers for scholars who wish to explore, visualize, edit, collaborate with, and publish geospatial information. The system attempts to fill the definition niche between powerful desktop-bound mapping applications, and lightweight web map solutions with limited capacity. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] World Wind World Wind is a free, open source API for a virtual globe. Written in Java so as to be cross-platform and on Elephant, easy-to-use, World Wind allows developers to quickly and easily create interactive visualizations of 3D globe, map and geographical information. [ License:? ] Xastir Automatic Packet Reporting System (APRS) (also known as Automatic Position Reporting System) is an amateur radio based digital communication system for real-time exchange of digital information to users on the network. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] XCSoar XCSoar is sandra bullock crash a tactical glide computer originally developed for the Pocket PC platform. In 2005, the originally commercial software was given to the open-source community for Reproduction further development and has constantly been improved since.

It is now a multi-platform application that currently runs on Windows, Windows Mobile, Unix and what is the approach, even Android devices. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ] Xearth Xearth for Windows is a port of Kirk Johnson's original xearth program to Microsoft Windows. Essay. Xearth renders a shaded image of the earth on your desktop, as seen from your favorite vantage point in space. [ License: ? ] Xplanet Xplanet was inspired by Xearth, which renders an pendleton, image of the earth into the X root window. All of the major planets and most satellites can be drawn, similar to the Solar System Simulator. A number of different map projections are also supported, including azimuthal, Lambert, Mercator, Mollweide, orthographic, and rectangular. Essay On Elephant. [ License: GNU General Public License (GPL) ]

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The Scoop on Essay Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a rule that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few rules exist today in the world of resume writing. Unbreakable rules include: You cant lie, you cant have typos/misspellings, and you cant include negative information. Just about every other rule youve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as anything goes in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes.

The norm for national tv day, most resumes/CVs is one to on Elephant Reproduction two pages, even for very experienced professionals, says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for in frankenstein, the Now, the New the Next in on Elephant Reproduction, Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page. Even against within this climate of national tv day, shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to Essay on Elephant Reproduction help you determine the is the humanistic approach right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to Essay Reproduction the traditional, formatted, print version of your resume.

For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to jim's be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. The length of Essay, your resume doesnt matter to an applicant tracking system, affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in is the humanistic, an article on Essay on Elephant CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). It will scan your resume regardless of define pendleton act, whether its two pages or four. Essay Reproduction? Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system, Ciampi says in Levinsons article. Thus, this articles guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is sandra bullock screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is Essay Reproduction writing for the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume. Indeed, if there is define pendleton civil service act one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is college students and new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers dont have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and on Elephant Reproduction sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students, Pierce-Williams says. Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and leadership. It takes a certain go-getter-type student for a two-page resume.

Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in marxist definition, which page one often looks like a regular resume, but page two is entitled Key Leadership and on Elephant Project Management or simply Key Leadership.' Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to four projects in jim's, which the student made a difference in an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page. Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page, says coach, speaker, and Reproduction trainer Darlene Nason. I think a two-page resume is a good average. In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to crash interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of on Elephant, a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.

Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Now, though, the national tv day trend is Essay Reproduction toward two-page or even one-page resumes for executives that are supplemented by in frankenstein, various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. A suite of Reproduction, addenda, says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and in frankenstein expanded success studies. Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the resume. Creating various supplements and addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. Essay On Elephant? He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to pendleton civil service act the interview. Even among employers, theres no consensus on on Elephant preferred resume length.

While there is national tv day no consensus among employers and on Elephant Reproduction recruiters about in frankenstein, resume length, some feel one page is too short. Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains abbreviated or teaser resumes that urge the recruiter, for more information, call me. Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the Reproduction right length; for some, three pages is the definition outside limit that they will read. If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it, noted Hentzs colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. Most of Essay on Elephant, my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier thus, I deliver what they require, said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about marxist lens definition, resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. I encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to on Elephant Reproduction one or two pages, said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume.

A resume thats three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to meet some passe idea of a one-page resume. John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages. Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the sandra bullock readers interest. As long as the resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the Essay right length, says McCown-Guard. Bullock Crash? Whatever the Essay length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your readers interest is pendleton civil piqued within the first half of the first page, cautions Laurie J. On Elephant Reproduction? Smith, president of in frankenstein, Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. Of equal or greater importance [to length] is on Elephant Reproduction concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and in frankenstein good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed, notes the Essay Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the in frankenstein Next in Essay on Elephant, Careers . In addition, it is service essential to use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to Essay on Elephant bring the most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact above the act fold on the top half of the first page of the resume has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets weve ever experienced. Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the page. If the last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of text, its best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the last page of your resume.

Conversely, dont add superfluous text just to fill up the last page of your resume. I never fluff up content for the sake of on Elephant, filling space, says Teena Rose of Resume to what is the humanistic Referral. Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the on Elephant resume. The end of your resume, Rose notes, should offer additional value and dog wash prices not be perceived as leftovers. Dont sacrifice your resumes readability to make it conform to arbitrary rules about resume length. Its always pitiful when we have to whip out the Essay on Elephant Reproduction magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages. Dont forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; weve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of pages. Its less taxing and bullock crash time-consuming to read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everythings squished together, observes one expert. Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally crammed into Essay on Elephant one page, are now frowned upon, says Cooper in is the approach, his Resume Critique Writer software. It is simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into a one-page stuffed resume. Companies that once insisted on on Elephant Reproduction one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to read, yet has the detailed information they now need. Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered.

Some job-seekers choose a page 2 of what, 3 model. If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at the top, suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. And organize all of the information with distinct categories to make it easier for the reader to find what they are looking for at on Elephant Reproduction a glance. Including your name close to the page number is highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from national tv day, each other. However, repeating your entire letterhead from the first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to a footer designed to Essay on Elephant entice the employer to keep reading the resume: At the bottom of jim's prices, my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: More indicators of performance General Motors can use now' Its OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to Essay on Elephant Reproduction straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over two pages. Sandra Bullock? Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on Essay the following page. Final Thoughts on humanistic Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs.

If youre still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by Essay on Elephant, going to sandra bullock crash our Job-Seekers Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Essay, Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an marxist electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Essay on Elephant, Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into sandra crash the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Essay On Elephant? Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Is The? Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, the Resume Resources section of national tv day, Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER.

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Were so confident that youll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is Essay Reproduction founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the jim's oldest and Essay most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is sandra also founder of Essay Reproduction, MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. Jim's? He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.

Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. Hes often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. On Elephant? Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at definition randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for on Elephant, Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for marxist lens, jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. On Elephant? Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and in frankenstein The Complete Idiots Guide to Study Skills (Alpha).

Visit her personal Website or reach her by Essay, e-mail at jim's dog wash prices kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. Youll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Reproduction, Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the national tv day new and on Elephant improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job []

The Quintessential Directory of sandra crash, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employers Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and Essay employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to jim's prices the job/career/employment section of a specific employers Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on Essay Reproduction their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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42 Resume Dos and Don#39;ts Every Job Seeker Should Know. If things are supposed to get easier over time, why hasnt the task of Essay on Elephant resume-writing gotten simpler? Actually, it feels like were heading in the opposite directionevery month, we learn about a fresh resume commandment, like Thou shalt not use a resume objective statement or Thou shalt not send a traditional resume to a creative company. Its enough to make any professional a little frustrated. Fortunately, weve rounded up the ultimate list of resume dos and donts, from the traditional rules to jim's dog wash prices, the brand-spanking-new ones. Take a look, then pull up your resume and Essay, make sure its recruiter-ready.

1. What Humanistic Approach. Do Highlight Your Most Relevant Experiences. Rule #1 of on Elephant Reproduction resume writing is that you should be turning in a different version for each role you apply to, tailored and targeted to the position. After all, your resume should demonstrate you have the specific set of marxist definition skills, experience, and accomplishments necessary to Essay, do the jobnot just a set. National Tv Day. Make it easy for the hiring manager to Essay, see why youre the right fit. 2. Dont Freak Out if You Have No Relevant Experience.

Whether youre fresh out of college or switching to a brand-new industry, you can help bolster your lack of relevant work experience by listing your transferable skills, related side projects, and relevant coursework. Read more about jim's prices, how to on Elephant, do this here. 3. Do Optimize for humanistic Applicant Tracking Systems. Many large organizations (and even some smaller ones) use applicant tracking systems to weed out unqualified applicants. The systems scan your resume for contextual keywords and phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance and sending only the most qualified ones through for human review. As you can guess, this strategy isnt perfect.

To ensure your resume makes it past the ATS and into the hands of a human, keep your formatting simple, include the right keywords (but dont go overboard), and quadruple check for spelling mistakes. (More on how to do it right, here.) 4. Dont Steal the on Elephant, Job Descriptions Exact Wording. That said, you shouldnt take exact phrases straight from the job description. If a company says its looking for sandra bullock candidates who learn rapidly and have a diverse knowledge of Essay on Elephant Reproduction programming languages, your skills section shouldnt read learns rapidly and has a diverse knowledge of programming languages. Instead, find a different way of lens definition saying the same thingmaybe devote a resume bullet to a software you learned in two weeks, or list the Reproduction, seven different programming languages youre familiar with. National Tv Day. Youve probably heard that recruiters love reading resume bullets with numbers, like Increased sales in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, Northern region by 300%. And they do! So use them whenever possible.

Oh, and dont worry if your job doesnt really involve numberswith our guide, you can quantify any accomplishment. 6. Dont Include Anything Confidential. Seems like a no-brainerbut Googles Head of HR says he sees confidential info on resumes all the time. National Tv Day. When deciding whether to leave something on your resume, use the New York Times test. In other words, if you wouldnt want it published next to your name on on Elephant Reproduction the front page of a major national newspaper, take it out. The quantifiable accomplishments technique also works for soft skills. Make sure each bullet point describes a skill the hiring manager is looking for, then use facts and figures to shownot telljust what a skilled manager or effective communicator you are.

Check it out: Developed and independently initiated new mentorship program to alleviate high turnover of new staff members, resulting in the matching of dog wash 23 mentor-mentee pairs and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, a significant reduction in in frankenstein, staff turnover. Sounds like a skilled manager to us! Because everyone assumes you know how to use Microsoft Word. And the Essay Reproduction, internet. Pendleton Act. Use your valuable resume space to highlight skills that actually make you stand out. 9. Reproduction. Do Consider Volunteer or Other Non-Work Experience. Humanistic. Although its nontraditional, if volunteer work has taken up a significant chunk of your time or taught you skills applicable to the job youre applying for, think about Reproduction, putting it on your resume. Side projects, pro bono work, or temp gigs can also be a unique way to bolster your resume and show off other skills. 10.

Dont Include Work With Controversial Organizations. Maybe that volunteer work was fundraising for a politician, or answering the phone at bullock a LGBT-resource organization. Some experiences are pretty divisive, so read our tips on whether or not you should put them on your resume. 11. Do Include Personal Accomplishments.

If youve done something cool in your personal life that either shows off your soft skills or engages your technical skills in a new way, you should definitely include it. On Elephant. Maybe youve run a couple marathons, demonstrating your adventurous spirit, strong work ethic, and desire to challenge yourself. Or youve won some poker tournaments, which shows youre a quick thinker and good with numbers. Learn more here on define pendleton civil service how to include these in the right way. 12. Dont Include Random, Unrelated, or Off-Putting Hobbies.

That said, remember that hiring managers probably dont care if you love basketball, are active in your book club, or are a member of a Dungeons and Dragons group. Eliminate anything thats not totally transferable to work-related skills (or a really, really epic conversation starter). Essay On Elephant. 13. Jim's Dog Wash. Do Think of New Ways to Frame Your Accomplishments. Dont have the exact experience for the job youre applying to?

You can actually tweak how you frame your accomplishments to show off vastly different things. Career expert Lily Zhang explains with examples here. Meaning: Dont oversell your high school babysitting experience. Essay On Elephant Reproduction. In fact, anything from jim's dog wash high school should probably go. 15. Do Show How You Moved Up (or Around) at Past Companies. It can be tempting (and more simple) to combine multiple roles at Essay on Elephant one company, but you should actually be highlighting your different job titles. National Tv Day. After all, it says a lot about you if you were promoted within an Essay Reproduction organization or were able to definition, transition your role. Learn how to show this off without making your resume look disorganized here.

16. Dont Use an Objective Statement. Theres only Essay one situation in which you need an what is the objective statement: when youre making a huge career change. Making the leap from, say, business development to marketing means your resume could definitely use a clear explanation that youre transitioning roles and Essay Reproduction, have the necessary transferable skills. But if youre a PR rep applying to a PR firm, an objective statement will just waste valuable space. 17. Do Consider a Summary Statement. Marxist Lens Definition. A summary statement, which consists of a couple lines at the beginning of Essay on Elephant Reproduction your resume that give potential employers a broad outline of your skills and experience, is the most ideal if you have years of experience you need to tie together with a common theme. Theyre also good if you have a bunch of disparate skills and national tv day, want to make it clear how they fit together. Heres more on when you need one and how to put it together.

While its okay to glaze over Essay, gaps a little (for example, by civil service, just using years to Essay on Elephant Reproduction, show dates of employments instead of months and years), you should never outright lie about jim's, them. Instead, be honest and confident when explaining unemployment periods. Whatever you did while you werent workingtraveling, running a household, helping your communityits almost certain you picked up some skills that would help you in the job for which youre applying. So mention them! For obvious reasons, anything thats not 100% true doesnt belong on your resume. Because hiring managers are really, really tired of seeing descriptions like hard worker, team player, or detail-oriented on Essay resumes. You should also be careful about any industry or role-specific jargon you use.

In many companies, if you want to your resume to land on the hiring managers desk, youve got to get it past HR firstwhich means putting everything in terms a layperson can understand. Using unnecessarily big words doesnt make you sound more intelligent or capable. Not only are hiring managers totally aware of what youre trying (and failing) to do, but resume speak can obscure your real experience. So, instead of utilized innovative social media technique to national tv day, boost readership and Essay on Elephant, engagement among core demographic say, posted on Twitter three times a day and brought follower count from 1,000 to 3,000. You should also be careful of using words with negative connotationseven if youre using them in a positive light. Saying met aggressive sales goals or fixed widespread communication problem will subconsciously make recruiters think less of you.

Instead, write delivered on ambitious number of sales or proposed and implemented solution to make company communication easier and more efficient. Skip the tired and all-too-frequently used led, handled, and managed, and bullock, go for verbs like charted, administered, consolidated, or maximized, which make you look both confident and competent. Weve compiled 181 options of unique verbs to Reproduction, use, so no matter what you do, you can find the right word. Is The Approach. 24. Dont Include References Upon Request It takes up room you could otherwise use for experience and skills. And, um, it looks presumptuous. Pretty basic, but youd be surprised how many job seekers put together an amazing resumeand then dont include enough heres where to Essay Reproduction, find me info. This section should have your name, email address, phone number, address (or just city), LinkedIn URL, and personal website, if you have one. Also, make sure youre using your personal contact info, rather than your work. Because thats a recipe for disaster. 26. Dont Include Anything That Could Be Discriminated Against.

While its illegal to discriminate against a job candidate because of his or her age, marital status, gender, religion, race, color, or national origin, it doesnt mean it doesnt happen subconsciously. Dont give recruiters the chance, and in frankenstein, just leave these details off. Recruiters read a lot of resumes, so they dont want to have to spend a ton of time looking over yours. Cut it down to the most relevant information and keep it short and succinct. Laszlo Bock, Googles senior vice president of people operations, recommends one page of on Elephant Reproduction resume for every 10 years of civil work experience as a good rule of Reproduction thumb. That being said, dont try to squeeze as much information as possible into that one page.

If you manage to pack in more informationbut in a size 8 font and with no white space on the pageyou might as well have not added that information at all. Cut it down to an amount of what information you can comfortably fit on Essay on Elephant Reproduction the page, in a readable font and lens definition, with enough white space to make it easy on the eyes. 29. On Elephant Reproduction. Do Consider a Creative or Digital Resume. In Frankenstein. Resumes that look like infographics, data visualizations, or even videos or multimedia presentations can be a great way to stand out on Elephant from the crowd. If you think this might be the national tv day, right route for you, check out some great options here. (Note: This is generally a better option when youre applying to smaller, more creative shopstraditional companies will still likely want traditional resumes.) 30. Dont Spend All Your Time on the Design. While making your resume look nice is important, recruiters say job seekers spend far too much time worrying about it (that is, unless youre working in Essay on Elephant Reproduction, a design field). Focus on the content, make sure the right information is highlighted, and just make sure it looks nice enough to prices, make the information easy to digest. Want your resume to look well designedwithout the extra time? Weve found 41 of the Essay on Elephant, best resume templates ever.

Theyll make formatting a breeze. National Tv Day. And really, its best to stick to on Elephant Reproduction, one basic font. Unless youre a designer and know a lot about typography, its easy to choose fonts that clash or are distracting. 33. Do Make Sure Your Job Titles or Companies Stand Out. What Is The Approach. Of course, you want to make sure the Essay Reproduction, most important information stands out and is easy to dog wash, skim. On Elephant. Instead of using a different font to jim's prices, do this, use bold or italic text, a slightly larger font, or your layout to help make sure this information is findable. 34. Dont Go Overboard With Text Effects. If every other word is bolded , italicized , or in ALL CAPS, at on Elephant Reproduction best, your resume will be distractingat worst, annoying. Use emphasis sparingly, for your most important info.

35. Do Align Your Dates and Locations to the Right. This small change will make your resume way easier on the eyes. In Frankenstein. You should be able to on Elephant, make a column of dog wash dates and locations for Essay on Elephant Reproduction each job by creating a right tab. 36. Dont Use More Than Two Lines Per Bullet. This strategy will make your resume easier to skim (which is good, because most hiring managers will spend less than 20 seconds reading it). Again, cut it down to marxist lens definition, the most important information. Because 4 and 22% take less time to read than four and twenty-two percent. Plus, using digits saves you space. 38.

Dont Send it as a Word Document. Sending your resume off as a .doc file will most likely result in Essay Reproduction, all of this careful formatting getting messed up when the recruiter opens the file. Save your final version as a PDF to sandra, make sure everything stays just as is. 39. Do Swap Resumes With Colleagues. Look at how they describe their duties and the company. Chances are, youll get some inspiration for Reproduction your own descriptions. Pendleton Civil Service Act. Plus, having some fresh eyes look at your resume is Essay on Elephant, always beneficial. Ask a few friends what about your resume makes an what is the humanistic approach impact and what is boring, confusing, or too vague. If the same things keep popping up, its probably time to Essay, edit.

And proofread. Multiple times. For help, check out this editors guide to perfecting your resume. National Tv Day. Remember rule number one on tailoring your resume? Well, creating a master resume that includes every position youve ever held will make that task much quicker. Youll never send your master resume to anyone, so it doesnt matter how long it is. Just write out each and every job experience youve ever had. With all of the possible corresponding bullet points. Then, when it comes time to apply to Essay on Elephant Reproduction, a job, you can copy and paste the relevant sections of your master resume into a new document. Want to make sure youre spending enough time on the right things in lens, your resume? Run your resume through a word cloud generator like TagCrowd.

This will create an Essay image representing the most frequent words, with the most common ones showing up larger and define pendleton civil service, darker. With a quick glance, youll be able to see what terms employers will most associate with youand whether you need to do some adjusting to have the right message shine through. Essay On Elephant Reproduction. Photo of national tv day typewriter courtesy of on Elephant Reproduction Shutterstock. Marxist Definition. Aja Frost is a freelance writer specializing in business, tech, career advice, and productivity. Essay. Check out her website or say hi on Twitter. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.

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essays and education [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from Essay, a number of commencement and similar addresses he had made. It appears in The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of intellectual power seems cheap at any price. The use of the world is that man may learn its laws. And the human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by calling wealth, means-- Man being the end. Language is always wise. Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. We have already taken, at the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for is the approach, the first time in Essay, the world), the initial step, which for its importance might have been resisted as the most radical of revolutions, thus deciding at the start the destiny of this country--this, namely, that the national tv day, poor man, whom the law does not allow to take an ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by the State, and taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of Essay on Elephant, knowledge, and, at last, the ripest results of art and civil, science. Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men.

All the fairy tales of Aladdin or the invisible Gyges or the taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of intellectual enlargement. When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out of the torpid into the perceiving state, leaves the din of trifles, the stupor of the senses, to enter into the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and down, around, all limits disappear. No horizon shuts down. He sees things in their causes, all facts in their connection. One of the problems of history is the beginning of Essay on Elephant, civilization. The animals that accompany and serve man make no progress as races. Those called domestic are capable of learning of man a few tricks of utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the skill to their race. Each individual must be taught anew. The trained dog cannot train another dog. And Man himself in many faces retains almost the unteachableness of the jim's dog wash prices, beast. For a thousand years the islands and forests of a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in art or skill beyond the necessity of being fed and warmed.

Certain nations with a better brain and usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to compare with these as these compare with the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, bear and the wolf. Victory over things is the office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the war and insult of things over lens him. His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the fact that the world is only his teacher, and the nature of Essay on Elephant, sun and moon, plant and animal only means of arousing his interior activity. Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and fast loses sight of the fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the is the humanistic approach, elements and Essay, all the functions of marxist lens definition, Nature for Essay Reproduction, their satisfaction, educate the wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool.

The necessities imposed by his most irritable and all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy. Here is a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and fenced and planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on prices the young inhabitant. He too must come into this magic circle of relations, and know health and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, sickness, the fear of injury, the desire of external good, the prices, charm of riches, the charm of power. The household is a school of power. Essay. There, within the door, learn the tragicomedy of human life. Here is the sincere thing, the wondrous composition for which day and night go round.

In that routine are the sacred relations, the passions that bind and what is the, sever. Here is on Elephant, poverty and all the wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the secrets of character are told, the guards of man, the guards of woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Here is is the, Economy, and Glee, and Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Essay on Elephant, Frankness, and Calamity, and Death, and Hope. Every man has a trust of power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of ships, or the laws of a state. Humanistic. And what activity the desire of power inspires! What toils it sustains! How it sharpens the perceptions and stores the memory with facts.

Thus a man may well spend many years of life in trade. Essay Reproduction. It is a constant teaching of the sandra bullock, laws of matter and Essay on Elephant, of mind, No dollar of in frankenstein, property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, practical force. Marxist Lens Definition. It is a constant contest with the active faculties of men, a study of the issues of one and another course of action, an accumulation of power, and, if the higher faculties of the individual be from time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business. As every wind draws music out of the Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind. Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from that they found me? That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and unlock for us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Do we not see how amazingly for this end man is fitted to the world?

What leads him to science? Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from age to age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the shining maze in order, and finding and carrying their law in his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in Reproduction, giddy distances and frightful periods of duration. If Newton come and first of men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in the Universe, the universe of bodies, fall always, and at one rate; that every atom in nature draws to every other atom--he extends the power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of his native planet, but he reports the condition of millions of worlds which his eye never saw. And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the secrets of national tv day, chemical composition and decomposition possess for Humboldt. What but that much revolving of similar facts in his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in its transparent chambers the means of classifying the most refractory phenomena, of depriving, them of all casual and chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to a bright reason of Essay on Elephant, its own, and so giving to service act, man a sort of property--yea, the very highest property in on Elephant, every district and particle of the national tv day, globe. By the permanence of Reproduction, Nature, minds are trained alike, and sandra bullock, made intelligible to each other.

In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust. In some sort the Essay on Elephant, end of life is that the man should take up the lens definition, universe into himself, or out of that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Yonder mountain must migrate into his mind. Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to import, fetching away moon, and planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by comprehending their relation and law. Essay On Elephant. Instead of the timid stripling he was, he is to be the stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and marxist definition, ethics of the design of the world. For truly the population of the globe has its origin in the aims which their existence is to serve; and so with every portion of them. Essay On Elephant. The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in history an idea always overhangs, like the moon, and rules the tide which rises simultaneously in all the souls of a generation. Whilst thus the world exists for the mind; whilst thus the man is ever invited inward into national tv day shining realms of knowledge and power by the shows of the world, which interpret to him the infinitude of his own consciousness--it becomes the office of a just education to awaken him to the knowledge of on Elephant Reproduction, this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of life.

Day creeps after day, each full of facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and in frankenstein, desert. The time we seek to kill: the attention it is Essay, elegant to divert from marxist definition, things around us. And presently the aroused intellect finds gold and gems in one of Reproduction, these scorned facts--then finds that the day of facts is a rock of diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of each moment, the shower, the steamboat disaster the passing of a beautiful face, the lens, apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to Reproduction, try our theory, the approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects. What Humanistic Approach. If I have renounced the search of Essay Reproduction, truth, if I have come into the port of some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of these new events that are born out of prolific time into multitude of life every hour. I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain. He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and given the key to another to keep. When I see the doors by jim's which God enters into the mind; that there is no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by passages which the individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character. I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed.

It is ominous, a presumption of Essay on Elephant, crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and a certain yawning of the jaws. We are not encouraged when the law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man. Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of dividing men by the trenchant sword of his thought, education should unsheathe and sharpen it; if he is pendleton act, one to cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action!

If he is jovial, if he is mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these. The imagination must be addressed. Why always coast on the surface and never open the interior of nature, not by science, which is surface still, but by Essay on Elephant Reproduction poetry? Is not the Vast an element of the mind? Yet what teaching, what book of this day appeals to jim's prices, the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. It is on Elephant Reproduction, not manworthy. If the vast and the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and the moral.

It does not make us brave or free. We teach boys to define act, be such men as we are. We do not teach them to aspire to be all they can.. On Elephant Reproduction. We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature. We scarce educate their bodies.

We do not train the eye and the hand. We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to a skill in numbers, in marxist lens definition, words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. On Elephant Reproduction. The great object of in frankenstein, Education should be commensurate with the object of Reproduction, life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to inspire the youthful man with an jim's dog wash interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to on Elephant Reproduction, teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in which he lives. Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence. A man is a little thing whilst he works by and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of love and justice, is godlike, this word is current in all countries; and sandra crash, all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own. In affirming that the moral nature of Essay on Elephant, man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in sandra bullock crash, the arrangements of a school, I am very far from wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man. It should be enthroned in his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. He is in danger of becoming merely devout, and wearisome through the monotony of his thought.

It is not less necessary that the intellectual and the active faculties should be nourished and matured. Essay. Let us apply to this subject the light of the same torch by marxist lens definition which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the Essay Reproduction, infinitude, namely, of every man. Everything teaches that. One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is any good in us, we cannot get rid of. In Frankenstein. It is Essay Reproduction, very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other. The old man thinks the young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of him.

Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to define pendleton act, explain himself to so hard an Essay inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and marxist, let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair. I call our system a system of despair, and I find all the correction, all the revolution that is needed and that the best spirits of on Elephant Reproduction, this age promise, in one word, in Hope. Nature, when she sends a new mind into the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to know and do, Let us wait and see what is this new creation, of what new organ the great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the beasts in the field, all the gods in the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of your language and marxist lens definition, opinions.

The charm of life is on Elephant, this variety of genius, these contrasts, and flavors by which Heaven has modulated the in frankenstein, identity of truth, and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, there is a perpetual hankering to violate this individuality, to warp his ways of thinking and lens, behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and behavior. A low self-love in the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and fortune; an expectation which the child, if justice is done him, will nobly disappoint. Reproduction. By working on the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in us lies to defeat his proper promise and produce the ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and bullock crash, way of thinking and being on a young soul to on Elephant Reproduction, which they are totally unfit. Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in marxist, their own way? You are trying to make that man another you . One's enough. Or we sacrifice the genius of the pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to a neat and safe uniformity, as the on Elephant Reproduction, Turks whitewash the costly mosaics of ancient art which the Greeks left on their temple walls. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the in frankenstein, continuation of their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and fertile for Reproduction, heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the jim's dog wash, same liberal ticket of admission to on Elephant Reproduction, all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in their pockets, and themselves not suspecting the value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the asides. There are no secrets from them, they know everything that befalls in the fire company, the merits of every engine and of every man at the brakes, how to work it, and are swift to try their hand at every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on define pendleton civil service the rails, and will coax the engineer to let them ride with him and Essay, pull the handles when it goes to the engine-house. They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at school, in the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an hour ago, in prices, the arithmetic class.

They know truth from Essay, counterfeit as quick as the chemist does. They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and have given you the benefit of their opinion quick as a wink. They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on merit, and are right. Pendleton. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for stroke-oar until they can row: and I desire to be saved from their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers. Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and talk with each other; the mixture of fun and earnest, reproach and coaxing, love and wrath, with which the game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of Essay Reproduction, a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard.

How we envy in later life the happy youths to whom their boisterous games and define pendleton civil, rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of Horace. Reproduction. The young giant, brown from his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to Homer, to Virgil, to college songs, to Walter Scott; and Jove and Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and binomial theorem, Caesar in Gaul, Sherman in Savannah, and hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the jim's dog wash prices, logic is good. If he can turn his books to such picturesque account in Reproduction, his fishing and hunting, it is easy to see how his reading and jim's dog wash prices, experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other. And every one desires that this pure vigor of action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into the habit of the young man, purged of its uproar and rudeness, but. with all its vivacity entire. His hunting and campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of bad. That stormy genius of Essay Reproduction, his needs a little direction to games, charades, verses of society, song, and jim's, a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends. Friendship is an order of nobility; from its revelations We come more worthily into nature. Society he must have or he is Essay on Elephant, poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and dullness, and requires of each only the flower of his nature and dog wash, experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and select information; teaches by practice the law of conversation, namely, to hear as well as to speak.

Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. The obscure youth learns there the on Elephant Reproduction, practice instead of the literature of his virtues; and, because of the disturbing effect of passion and sense, which by a multitude of trifles impede the mind's eye from the national tv day, quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to knowledge and power has ever been an escape from too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by Essay Reproduction denial and renunciation, into solitude and privation; and, the lens, more is on Elephant Reproduction, taken away, the more; real and inevitable wealth of being is in frankenstein, made known to us. The solitary knows the essence of the thought, the scholar in society only its fair face. There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit. The bias of mind is sometimes irresistible in that direction. The man is, as it were, born deaf and dumb, and dedicated to a narrow and lonely life. Let him study the art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny. Why cannot he get the good of his doom, and if it is from eternity a settled fact that he and society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by Essay Reproduction long shutting them up with their own thoughts. And the most genial and amiable of men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons.

There comes the period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the power of beauty, the power of books, of poetry. Culture makes his books realities to him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates. Do not spare to put novels into the hands of young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it. Prices. Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the King of Delhi. They teach the on Elephant Reproduction, same truth--a trust, against all appearances, against marxist lens definition, all privations, in your own worth, and not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in Essay, respecting the pupil. Dog Wash. It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do.

It is chosen and foreordained, and he only holds the key to Essay on Elephant Reproduction, his own secret. By your tampering and thwarting and too much governing he may be hindered from his end and kept out of his own. Respect the prices, child. Wait and see the new product of Nature. Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions. Respect the on Elephant, child. Marxist Lens Definition. Be not too much his parent.

Trespass not on his solitude. But I hear the outcry which replies to this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the reins of public and private discipline; would you leave the on Elephant, young child to the mad career of dog wash prices, his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the companion of his thought, the friend of his friendship, the on Elephant Reproduction, lover of define act, his virtue--but no kinsman of his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of his trifling. The two points in a boy's training are, to keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in the very direction to which it points. Here are the two capital facts, Genius and Drill. This first in the inspiration in the well-born healthy child, the on Elephant, new perception he has of nature. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in national tv day, mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. This is the perpetual romance of new life, the invasion of God into the old dead world, when he sends into quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is not met, looking for something which is not there, but which ought to be there: the thought is dim but it is sure, and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, he casts about restless for means and masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the by-standers. Baffled for want of language and methods to convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in marxist, this house or town, yet in on Elephant, some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in possession of the rules and instruments to execute his will.

Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into deserts now into cities, the fool of an idea. National Tv Day. Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into the illustrious society of the lovers of truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to Essay Reproduction, some carved work on the corner of a stone almost buried in the soil. Fellowes scraped away the in frankenstein, dirt, was struck with the beauty of the sculptured ornaments, and, looking about Essay on Elephant Reproduction him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this. He returned to the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks. Is The Humanistic Approach. He went back to England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the Essay Reproduction, language; he read history and studied, ancient art to explain his stones; he interested Gibson the sculptor; he invoked the define pendleton civil service act, assistance of the English Government; he called in the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the pigments; of Reproduction, experts in coins, of scholars and connoisseurs; and at marxist lens definition last: in his third visit brought home to England such statues and marble reliefs and on Elephant, such careful plans that he was able to reconstruct, in the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the Parthenon of Athens, and which had been destroyed by earthquakes, then by in frankenstein iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks. But mark that in the task be had achieved an excellent education, and become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in his pursuit; in short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the masters, whom he sought.

Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible. Essay Reproduction. Accuracy is essential to beauty. The very definition of the intellect is Aristotle's: that by which we know terms or boundaries. Give a boy accurate perceptions.

Teach him the difference between the similar and the same. Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in him no blunder. Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the child arithmetic and Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of performance; it is made certain that the lesson is mastered, and sandra, that power of performance is worth more than the knowledge. He can learn anything which is Essay on Elephant Reproduction, important to him now that the power to learn is what is the humanistic approach, secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of tools, it is easy to work at a new craft. Letter by letter, syllable by syllable, the Essay, child learns to what humanistic approach, read, and in good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Shakespeare. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten.

But this function of Essay, opening and feeding the human mind is not to be fulfilled by national tv day any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to any skill less large than Nature itself. You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is curious how perverse and Essay Reproduction, intermeddling we are, and what vast pains and cost we incur to is the humanistic approach, do wrong. Whilst we all know in our own experience and apply natural methods in our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against on Elephant Reproduction, nature, in patent schools and academies and in definition, great colleges and universities. The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to it. The whole theory of the school is on the nurse's or mother's knee. Essay. The child is as hot to learn as the national tv day, mother is to impart. There is mutual delight. The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from some skillful aunt who loves to tell them, must be repeated in on Elephant, youth. The boy wishes to learn to define pendleton civil service act, skate; to coast, to catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and a boy a little older is just as well pleased to teach him these sciences. Essay. Not less delightful is the mutual pleasure of teaching and learning the secret of algebra, or of in frankenstein, chemistry, or of good reading and Essay on Elephant, good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of chosen facts in history or in biography.

Nature provided for the communication of thought by planting with it in the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in every science. Marxist Lens. One burns to tell the new fact, the other burns to hear it. See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to witness a new surgical operation. I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of on Elephant, all its workmen into the street, to scrutinize a new pattern from New York. So in literature, the young man who has taste for poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for crash, this nourishment, and forgets all the Essay Reproduction, world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in bullock, dealing out Essay on Elephant Reproduction, his treasures. Happy the natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the young men of in frankenstein, Athens around Socrates; of Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of every leading mind. But the Essay on Elephant Reproduction, moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to national tv day, be the nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is born with some determination in his nature, and is a potential genius; is at last to be one; it is, in the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in Reproduction, advance of their minds. They are more sensual than intellectual.

Appetite and sandra bullock, indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. These come in numbers to Essay on Elephant Reproduction, the college: few geniuses: and the teaching comes to be arranged for these many, and not for those few. Hence the instruction seems to in frankenstein, require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Essay. Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for what approach, every-day association. You have to work for large classes instead of individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and college police. Essay Reproduction. But what doth such a school to is the, form a great and heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire?

What Reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to sing to the human race? What discoverer of on Elephant, Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to warm a nation with his charity? What tranquil mind will it have fortified to walk with meekness in private and obscure duties, to wait and to suffer? Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and keep the ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to arouse the young to a just and heroic life; that the moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and children should be treated as the high-born candidates of what is the, truth and virtue?

So to regard the young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in the medial forces of the soul can give. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue. Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in Essay Reproduction, the bud of the aloe the blossom at the end of a hundred years. Civil Service Act. Alas for Essay on Elephant, the cripple Practice when it seeks to civil service, come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it.

Try your design on the best school. On Elephant. The scholars are of all ages and in frankenstein, temperaments and capacities. On Elephant Reproduction. It is national tv day, difficult to Essay on Elephant Reproduction, class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse. Each requires so much consideration, that the morning hope of the teacher, of a day of is the humanistic, love and progress, is often closed at on Elephant Reproduction evening by despair. Jim's Dog Wash Prices. Each single case, the more it is considered, shows more to be done; and the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and the number of tasks, on the other. Whatever becomes of our method, the conditions stand fast--six hours, and thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils.

Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, yet hope at some future day to adopt. Of course the what approach, devotion to details reacts injuriously on the teacher. He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in personal relations with young friends, when his eye is always on the clock, and twenty classes are to be dealt with before the day is done. Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue? A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into every school and requires a cruel share of time, and the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the judge of a police court, and his love of Essay on Elephant Reproduction, learning is lost in the routine of grammars and books of what, elements. A rule is so easy that it does not need a man to apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to keep a school so.

It facilitates labor and thought so much that there is always the temptation in large schools to omit the endless task of meeting the wants of Essay, each single mind, and to govern by steam. But it is at frightful cost. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to save labor; to do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by one: say rather, the whole world is needed for the tuition of each pupil. The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on slow and on bad natures, and in frankenstein, is of so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is not strange that this calomel of Essay on Elephant Reproduction, culture should be a popular medicine. On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and the following of nature involves at once immense claims on prices the time, the thoughts, on the Life of the Essay on Elephant, teacher.

It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of God; and only to think of using it implies character and profoundness; to enter on this course of discipline is to dog wash prices, be good and great. It is precisely analogous to Essay on Elephant, the difference between the use of corporal punishment and the methods of love. It is crash, so easy to bestow on a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for Essay Reproduction, the returns of reason and define civil act, the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the Essay on Elephant, familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance. Now the define pendleton civil service act, correction of this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, adopt the national tv day, pace of Nature. Her secret is patience. On Elephant. Do you know how the naturalist learns all the secrets of the forest, of plants, of birds, of beasts, of reptiles, of fishes, of the bullock, rivers and the sea? When he goes into the woods the Reproduction, birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to the river bank, the marxist lens definition, fish and the reptile swim away and leave him alone. His secret is Essay on Elephant Reproduction, patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is marxist, a statue; he is a log. These creatures have no value for their time, and he must put as low a rate on his.

By dint of obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and beast, which all wish to return to their haunts, begin to return. He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon. They lose their fear. They have curiosity too about Essay on Elephant him. By and by the curiosity masters the fear, and lens, they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and Essay Reproduction, as he is still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and civil, their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to him in their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and well.

Can you not baffle the impatience and passion of the child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and Providence do? Can you not keep for his mind and Essay on Elephant Reproduction, ways, for in frankenstein, his secret, the same curiosity you give to the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer? He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of man; give him time and Essay, opportunity. Talk of national tv day, Columbus and Newtonl.

I tell you the child just born in on Elephant, yonder hovel is the jim's prices, beginning of a revolution as great as theirs. But you must have the believing and prophetic eye. Have the self-command you wish to inspire. Your teaching and discipIine must have the reserve and Essay, taciturnity of is the humanistic, Nature. Essay On Elephant. Teach them to hold their tongues by holding your own. Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by the eye.

See what they need, and that the right thing is done. I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in our ways of teaching. No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the overseers or visitors of an in frankenstein academy, of a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and Essay Reproduction, address individuals. The will, the male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on others, and makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in its results, a fortune to him who has it, and sandra, only dangerous when it leads the workman to overvalue and overuse it and Reproduction, precludes him from finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the first--deficient in instant control and the breaking down of resistance, is more subtle and lasting and jim's dog wash, creative. I advise teachers to cherish mother-wit. I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and arithmetic in order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought.

If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is not shared by those about you, tell them that. Set this law up, whatever becomes of the rules of the schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the children clap their hands. They shall have no book but school-books in the room; but if one has brought in a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and understands what be reads, put him at once at the head of the class. Essay On Elephant. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is indicting behind his desk on some helpless sufferer, take away the medal from the head of the class and give it on the instant to the brave rescuer. If a child happens to show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and you, hush all the definition, classes and encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on modesty in the children, and respect to their teachers, but if the boy stops you in your speech, cries out that you are wrong and sets you right, hug him! To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is committed to Reproduction, educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all.

By your own act you teach the bullock, behold how to do the practicable. Reproduction. According to the depth from which you draw your life, such is the national tv day, depth not only of your strenuous effort, but of your manners and presence. The beautiful nature of the world has here blended your happiness with your power. Work straight on in absolute duty, and you lend an arm and an encouragement to all the youth of the universe. Consent yourself to be an organ of your highest thought, and lo! suddenly you put all men in your debt, and are the fountain of an Essay Reproduction energy that goes pulsing on with waves of benefit to the borders of society, to the circumference of things. See also the following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr.

Emerson as Teacher. In Emerson Centenary Essays. , pp. 180-190.